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APUSH Chapter 5 Vocabulary

Terms in this set (12)

American leaders called for a new all-colony assembly, the Continental Congress. The newer colonies--Florida, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland--did not attend, not did Georgia, whose legislature was effectively controlled by a royal governor. Delegates chosen by the other twelve mainland assemblies met in Philadelphia in September 1774. Southern leaders favored a new economic boycott. New England representatives wanted to go further, advocating political union and defensive military preparations. Many delegates from the middle colonies wanted to seek a political compromise with the British ministry. Led by Joseph Galloway of PA, they outlined a scheme for a new imperial system that resembled the Albany Plan of Union of 1754. America would have a legislative council selected by the colonial assemblies and a president-general approved by the king. The new council would have veto power over Parliamentary legislation that affected America. However, the delegates refused to endorse Galloway's plan. They thought it was too conciliatory because there were British troops occupying Boston. Instead, they passed a Declaration of Rights and Grievances that condemned the Coercive Acts and demanded their repeal. It also repudiated the Declaratory Act of 1766, which had proclaimed Parliament's supremacy over the colonies, and demanded that Britain restrict its supervision of American affairs to matters of external trade. In January 1775 William Pitt, now sitting in the House of Lords as the earl of Chatham, asked Parliament to give up its claim to tax the colonies and recognize the Continental Congress as a lawful body. It was branded as an illegal assembly.