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an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances; work can be moral, religious, political, social, or satiric
a brief or indirect reference to a person, place, event, or passage in a work of literature or the Bible assumed to be sufficiently well known to be recognized by the reader. Adds depth and universal significance to the passage
a comparison between two things in which the more complex is explained in terms of the more simple
a short entertaining account of some happening, frequently personal or biographical, used to bring humor or to illustrate a particular characteristic or trait
a brief saying embodying a moral; a concise statement of a principal or precept given in pointed words
A figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
A term from classical rhetoric that describes a situation in which you introduce subjects in the order A B and C and then talk about them in the order C B and A.
a juxtaposition that makes a surprising connection between two seemingly different things. Ex: Oxymorons, comparisons, analogy, or metaphor
the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced for the context ("Some people prefer cats; others, dogs.")
the use of a word or phrase that is less direct, but that is also less distasteful or less offensive than another
a method of expression, often humorous or sarcastic, in which the intended meaning of the words if the opposite of their usual meaning
when something happens as a result of or in reaction to something else in a way that is contrary to what would be expected or acceptable
a figure of speech in which one thing is compared to another by being spoken of as though it were that thing; a comparison in which like or as is not used
a figure of speech that replaces the name of an object, person, or idea with something with which it is associated
a figure of speech in which the author obscures or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument
any structure which brings together parallel elements, be these nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, or larger structure to show that the ideas in the parts or sentences are equal in importance
understatement for rhetorical effect (especially when expressing an affirmative by negating its contrary)
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