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28 terms

Anthropology Unit 1

Cultural Anthropology Unit One.
STUDY
PLAY
2 criteria for research
1. Spatial Scope
2. Temporal Scope
4 research methods
1. Ethnography
2. Non-Historical Controlled Comparisons
3. Cross-Cultural Research
4. Ethnohistory
Spatial Scope
Whether a research method is used to study one society, more than one society, or worldwide.
Temporal Scope
Whether a research method will enable historical or non-historical data.
Casual Informant
An informant whom an ethnographer obtains information from time to time.
Key Informant
An informant on whom, because of specialized knowledge or influence, an ethnographer relies heavily.
Fieldwork
The process of collecting information about people, ancient or modern, where the society lives/lived.
Ethnographer
An anthropologist in the process of doing ethnography in one particular culture.
Bronislaw Malinowski
1. Established Functionalism.
2. Functionalism is linked to Holism.
3. Father of participant observation.
Margaret Meade
1. Boas's famous student
2. A public anthropologist that _____
Franz Boas
1. Introduced Cultural Relativism
Functionalism
All parts of a culture work together to support the operation and maintenance of the whole.
Cultural Relativism
The view that a culture must be understood in terms of their values and ideas and shouldn't be judged based on our own.
Holism
The view that one must study all aspects of a culture in order to understand it.
Participant Observation
_
Do these ____ & ____ to avoid ____
1. Folk Image & Analytical Image
2. Impression Management
Impression Management
The attempt to control the opinion that others have of us.
Folk Image
How native organize or structure their behaviors.
Analytical Image
How an anthropologist organizes or structures the behaviors of the people/culture.
A mixed media approach includes...
Qualitative and Quantitative Research.
Qualitative Research
Research depends primarily on the interpretations & quality.
Quantitative Research
Research that depends on statistics and technical presentation of the data.
Anthropology
The scientific/systematic study of biological/physical and social/cultural differences and similarities in all time/places and people.
Holism
The ability to study all aspects of human condition.
Advantages of Holism
1. Reduces Ethnocentrism.
2. Enhances Cultural Relativity.
3. Appreciate diversity and variation.
Ethnomedicine
The study of cross-cultural health systems.
Emic
Data collected that reflects how people think and act the way they do.
Interpretativists.
Etic
Data collected according to the researcher's questions.
Cultural Materialists.