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Chapter 7 General Psychology Test 2
Terms in this set (10)
233-34-What are the three processing stages of memory
Encoding: the processing of information so that it can be stored.
Storage: the retention of encoded representations over time.
Retrieval: the act of recalling or remembering stored information when it is needed.
238-239-What are the three parts of the memory storage system
Question 3: sensory, duration of storage, up to a few seconds.
248-What is retrograde and anterograde amnesia
Retrograde amnesia: a condition in which people lose the ability to access memories they had before a brain injury.
Anterograde amnesia: a condition in which people lose the ability to form new memories after experiencing a brain injury.
250-251-Give examples of explicit, episodic ,implicit and semantic memory
Explicit memory: the system for long-term storage of conscious memories that can be verbally described. Definitions and what you did in the past night, declarative memories.
Episodic memory: a type of explicit memory that includes a person's personal experiences. What you did and where you were on your past birthday.
Semantic memory: a type of explicit memory that includes a person's knowledge about the world. Facts about the world.
Implicit memory: the system for long-term storage of unconscious memories that cannot be verbally described. advertisements that influence our decision making, non-declarative memory.
256-57-What is a retrieval cue?
Retrieval cue: anything that helps a person access information in long-term storage.
258-What is a mnemonic?
258-59-Who discovered the forgetting curve and what is it?
Ebbinghaus, and it is, more time practiced, less time to learn them later on.
260-What is the difference between proactive and retroactive interference
Retroactive interference: when access to older memories is impaired by newer memories.
Proactive interference: when access to newer memories is impaired by older memories.
261-what is persistence
Persistence: the continual recurrence of unwanted memories from long-term storage.
264-How can memory be altered, what is suggestibility and who is Elizabeth Loftus?
Memory can be altered through suggestibility and false memories. Suggestibility is when a person instills a false memory in another person by suggesting a different occurrence. Elizabeth Loftus experimented on suggestibility and false memories.
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