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For exam 70-642

802.1x enforcement

NAP enforcement method that uses 802.1x-aware nework access points, such as network switches or wireless access points, to restrict network access of noncompliant resources


Remote Access component that maintains information about successful and failed connections to a remote access server

Active Directory-integrated zone

A DNS zone that stores its data within the Active Directory database

address (a) resource record

a DNS resource record that maps an individual host name to an IP address

Address Resolution Protocol (ARP)

used to map a known IP address to an unknown MAC address

Administrative events

a built-in custom view in the Windows Server 2008 Event Viewer that collects Criticial, Error, and Warning events from all logs on the server

Always Call Back To:

the Callback Option that always calls the user back at a pre-configured number

Application Layer

the top-most layer of the OSI model, where DHCP and other network applications function

Application Logs

records events associated with software that is installed on the server

Applications and Services

provides collections of Event Viewer entries associated with server hardware, Internet Explorer, and other Windows-based applications and components


the process of confirming a user's identity

Authentication Exemption

a connection security rule used to specify one or more computers that o not need to be authenticated in order to pass traffic

Authentication Header (AH)

an IPSec protocol that provides authentication, integrity, and anti-replay for the entire packet

authentication methods

a security algorithm and type used for IPSec authentication and key exchange

Authentication Server (AS)

an 802.1x component that verifies the supplicant's authentication credentials


an 802.1x component that requests authentication credentials from supplicants


a DNS server that hosts a primary or secondary zone for a particular DNS domain

authoritative answer

a response from a DNS server that hosts a primary or secondary zone for hte NDS domain being queried


the process of enabling and Active Directory DHCP server to provide DHCP services to clients


PKI infrastructure supported by Windows Server 2003 and later, which allows users and computers to automatically enroll for certificates based on one or more certificate templates

Automatic Private IP Addressing (APIPA)

a service in Windows XP, Windows Server 2003 and 2008, and Vista that can automatically configure client IP addresses in the absence of a DHCPserver: APIPA addresses do not contain a default gateway and can only be used to communicate on the local subnet

automatic restores

restores performed by a DHCP server whenever database corruption is detected

automatic updates

enables you to obtain critical software updates by automatically ineracting with the Windows Update Web site

available address pool

the list of TCP/IP addresses within a DHCP scope that can be distributed to DHCP clients

Background Intelligent Transfer Service (BITS)

Windows service that optimizes network downloads by using idle network bandwidth

background zone loading

a new feature in Active Directory-integrated DNS in Windows Server 2008 that allows DNS data to be available more quickly when a server is first booted up

Bandwidth Allocation Protocol (BAP)

remote access functionality that automatically adds and drops connections based on client usage

bare-metal restore

a restore in which the computer system is restored from 'bare metal'; i.e., without any requirements as to previously installed software or operating system

basic disks

disks that use partition tables that are recognized by older operating systems such as MS-DOS and Windows 95/98

Basic Encryption (MPPE 40-bit)

low (40 bit) encryption used for VPN connections


binary sequences of 0's and 1's used to encode traffic onto physical network media

boot volume

the volume containing the operating system files

broadcast address

reserved IP address used to transmit data to all hosts located on a particular network


a file containing the root DNS servers

caching-only server

a DNS server that hosts no zones

Callback Options

a Remote Access setting that will disconnect a connecting client and re-initiate the connection from the server side

canonical name (CNAME) resource record

creates an alias to an existing A or AAAA record

Capture Filter

a feature of Network Monitor that will capture only the specific network traffic that you specify

Certificate Practice Statement (CPS)

and AD CS component that provides a detailed explanation of how a particular Certification Authority manages certificates and keys

Certificate Revocation List (CRL)

a PKI component that identifies certificates that have been revoked or terminated, and the corresponding user, computer, or service

Certificate templates

a PKI component used by a CA to simplify the administration and issuance of digital certificates

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