safety health standards test
Terms in this set (52)
OSHA's mission is to?
1. Reduce workplace hazards.
2. Implement or improve existing safety and health programs.
3. Provide research in solving occupational safety and health problems.
4. Establish educational programs
What is the difference between the OSH Act and the Standards?
The "ACT" of 1970 gave OSHA the right to enact the standards
Some of the results of lower injury and illness rates include?
Less injuries and illnesses, better moral, and lower worker's compensation costs.
Which section of the OSH Act gives the workers the right to seek safety and health on the job without fear of punishment?
section 11(c) of the "Act"
What are the differences between horizontal and vertical standards?
Horizontal standards span all the OSHA standards. Vertical are specific to a particular industry
What is the purpose of the OSHA Compliance Directives (CPL)?
To standardize compliance officers
Procedures and inspections
The four parts of the inspection process include
1. Introduction and display of credentials.
2. Opening Conference.
4. Closing conference
What is "abatement" in reference to cited violations?
Abatement is the correction of the safety or health hazard/violation that led to an OSHA citation.
What is the difference between "Lost Time" and "Restricted Work"?
Lost Time-When an injury or illness involves one or more days away from work, you must record the injury or illness.
Restricted - You keep the employee from performing one or more of the routine functions of his or her job, or from working the full workday that he or she would otherwise have been scheduled to work
What is the "Incident Rate" in OSHA Recordkeeping?
The incidence rate is the number of new cases per population at risk in a given time period. When the denominator is the sum of the person-time of the at risk population, it is also known as the incidence density rate or person-time incidence rate
What is meant by the phrase, "creating employer"?
The employer that caused a hazardous condition that violates an OSHA standard
How can managers demonstrate their commitment to safety and health?
1. Assign and communicate responsibilities
2. Provide authority
resources, information and training
3. Encourage employees to participate in program and report problems
4. Ensure existing policies and procedures don't discourage early reporting
What is a floor opening?
An opening measuring 12 inches or more in its least dimension, in any floor, platform, pavement, or yard through which persons may fall; such as a hatchway, stair or ladder opening, pit, or large manhole. Floor openings occupied by elevators, dumb waiters, conveyors, machinery, or containers are excluded from this subpart
Permanent aisles and passageways must always be:
Aisles and passageways shall be kept clear and in good repairs, with no obstruction across or in aisles that could create a hazard. Permanent aisles and passageways shall be appropriately marked.
What is a fixed ladder? When does it require a "cage or well"?
A fixed ladder is a ladder permanently attached to a structure, building, or equipment.
A cage is a guard that may be referred to as a cage or basket guard which is an enclosure that is fastened to the side rails of the fixed ladder or to the structure to encircle the climbing space of the ladder for the safety of the person who must climb the ladder.
A well is a permanent complete enclosure around a fixed ladder, which is attached to the walls of the well. Proper clearances for a well will give the person who must climb the ladder the same protection as a cage.
The most important factor in planning for emergencies is?
The emergency action plan should address emergencies that the employer may reasonably expect in the workplace
Are "Small Businesses" required to have an emergency action plan?
A fire prevention plan must be in writing, be kept in the workplace, and be made available to employees for review. However, an employer with 10 or fewer employees may communicate the plan orally to employees
What type of fall protection must employees using an aerial lift wear?
Employees on working platforms shall be protected by a personal fall arrest system meeting the requirements of appendix C, Section I, of this standard, and as otherwise provided by this standard.
A body belt shall be worn and a lanyard attached to the boom or basket when working from an aerial lift.
How often shall an aerial lift be inspected?
Lift controls shall be tested each day prior to use to determine that such controls are in safe working condition.
What are some means of "effective ventilation?
Local Exhaust Ventilation
What is the noise level (TWA) to trigger the requirement for a hearing conservation program?
What are some of the requirements of a flammable liquid storage room?
Sill or ramp, self closing door, natural ventilation
What is meant by "LFL and UFL
These boundary-line mixtures of vapor with air are known as the lower
and upper flammable limits (LFL or UFL) respectively, and they are usually
expressed in terms of percentage by volume of vapor in air
What is a "filtering face piece" (dust mask)? What are the requirements for their use?
A filtering facepiece respirator is defined in 29 CFR 1910.134(b) as "a negative pressure particulate respirator with a filter as an integral part of the facepiece or with the entire facepiece composed of the filtering medium."
Unless determined by the employer to be voluntary use, the requirements in 1910.134 shall be met
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is NOT "OSHA approved" It must
All personal protective equipment shall be of safe design and construction for the work to be performed.
Eye and Face Protection: ANSI Z87.1-1989 (USA Standard for Occupational and Educational Eye and Face Protection).
Head Protection: ANSI Z89.1-1986.
Foot Protection: ANSI Z41.1-1991
What PPE must the employer pay for? Employee?
Except as provided by paragraphs (h)(2) through (h)(6) of this section, the protective equipment, including personal protective equipment (PPE), used to comply with this part, shall be provided by the employer at no cost to employees
1910.132(h)(1) thru (H)(7)
What is the definition of a "confined space?
(1) Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily enter and perform assigned work; and (2) Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit (for example, tanks, vessels, silos, storage bins, hoppers, vaults, and pits are spaces that may have limited means of entry.); and (3) Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy
What is the definition of a "permit required confined space?
"Permit-required confined space (permit space)" means a confined space that has one or more of the following characteristics: (1) Contains or has a potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere; (2) Contains a material that has the potential for engulfing an entrant; (3) Has an internal configuration such that an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or by a floor which slopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross-section; or (4) Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard
What type of work requires a "Lockout/Tagout" (LOTO) program?
This standard covers the servicing and maintenance of machines and equipment in which the unexpected energization or start up of the machines or equipment, or release of stored energy, could harm employees. This standard establishes minimum performance requirements for the control of such hazardous energy.
What cause most (LOTO) injuries?
Failure to stop equipment
Failure to disconnect from power source
Failure to dissipate residual energy
Failure to clear work areas before restarting
What is the requirement for the distribution of portable fire extinguishers?
"A" every 75 ft.
"B" every 50 ft.
"C" & "D" as needed according to hazard
1910.157(d)(2) thru (7)
Cranes can be modified and rerated, if?
Cranes may be modified and rerated provided such modifications and the supporting structure are checked thoroughly for the new rated load by a qualified engineer or the equipment manufacturer. The crane shall be tested in accordance with paragraph (k) (2) of this section. New rated load shall be displayed in accordance with subparagraph (5) of this paragraph
When should you remove a sling from service?
Each day before being used, the sling and all fastenings and attachments shall be inspected for damage or defects by a competent person designated by the employer. Additional inspections shall be performed during sling use, where service conditions warrant. Damaged or defective slings shall be immediately removed from service
What is the training requirement for a powered industrial truck operator?
Powered industrial truck operators shall receive initial training in the following topics, except in topics which the employer can demonstrate are not applicable to safe operation of the truck in the employer's workplace
What are the three means of safeguarding machinery
Types of guarding. One or more methods of machine guarding shall be provided to protect the operator and other employees in the machine area from hazards such as those created by point of operation, ingoing nip points, rotating parts, flying chips and sparks. Examples of guarding methods are-barrier guards, two-hand tripping devices,electronic safety devices, etc
Relative to machinery, what is meant by the "Point of Operation?
Point of operation is the area on a machine where work is actually performed upon the material being processed
What are some hazards associated with conveyors?
• Pinch Points
• Rotating Shafts
• Electrical Hazards
What are some basic requirements for using power tools
All hand-held powered drills, tappers, fastener drivers, horizontal, vertical, and angle grinders with wheels greater than 2 inches in diameter, disc sanders with discs greater than 2 inches in diameter, belt sanders, reciprocating saws, saber, scroll, and jig saws with blade shanks greater than a nominal one-fourth inch, and other similarly operating powered tools shall be equipped with a constant pressure switch or control
23. What are the hazards of a portable circular saw? Controls?
Lacerations and amputations
All portable, power-driven circular saws having a blade diameter greater than 2 in. shall be equipped with guards above and below the base plate or shoe. The upper guard shall cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required to permit the base to be tilted for bevel cuts. The lower guard shall cover the saw to the depth of the teeth, except for the minimum arc required to allow proper retraction and contact with the work. When the tool is withdrawn from the work, the lower guard shall automatically and instantly return to covering position
When is a fire watch required for welding?
Fire watchers shall be required whenever welding or cutting is performed in locations where other than a minor fire might develop
What are the storage requirements for oxygen and acetylene cylinders
Inside of buildings, cylinders shall be stored in a well-protected, well-ventilated, dry location, at least 20 (6.1 m) feet from highly combustible materials such as oil or excelsior. Cylinders should be stored in definitely assigned places away from elevators, stairs, or gangways.
What is "CGA"? What is referenced in CGA Pamphlet P-1
Compressed Gas Association
Pressure-reducing regulators shall be used only for the gas and pressures for which they are intended. The regulator inlet connections shall comply with Regulator Connection Standards, 1958, Compressed Gas Association
What are the major subdivisions within Subpart S
(a). Design safety standards for electrical systems
(b). Safety-related work practices
(c). Safety-related maintenance requirements
(d). Safety requirements for special equipment
What is an equipment grounding conductor
The grounding contacts of receptacles and cord connectors shall be grounded by connection to the equipment grounding conductor of the circuit supplying the receptacle or cord connector
How close can you work within a 50kV overhead power line
Any vehicle or mechanical equipment capable of having parts of its structure elevated near energized overhead lines shall be operated so that a clearance of 10 ft. (305 cm) is maintained. If the voltage is higher than 50kV, the clearance shall be increased 4 in. (10 cm) for every 10kV over that voltage
What is a "bloodborne pathogens"? How would this apply to the workplace?
Bloodborne Pathogens means pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease in humans. These pathogens include, but are not limited to, hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency virus HIV
What is meant by "universal precautions
Universal Precautions is an approach to infection control. According to the concept of Universal Precautions, all human blood and certain human body fluids are treated as if known to be infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens
What is "Hazard Communications"? Is training required for employees and how often?
Employers shall provide employees with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area at the time of their initial assignment, and whenever a new chemical hazard the employees have not previously been trained about is introduced into their work area.
What is the difference between a combustible liquid and a flammable liquid?
GHS defines combustibles as flammables (one definition
Flammable liquid means a liquid having a flash point of not more than 93°C (199.4°F)
What is the "route of entry" for a chemical
Exposure or exposed means that an employee is subjected in the course of employment to a chemical that is a physical or health hazard, and includes potential ( e.g. accidental or possible) exposure. "Subjected" in terms of health hazards includes any route of entry ( e.g. inhalation, ingestion, skin contact or absorption
What is "Table Z-1"? What is meant by a "skin designation
Chemicals absorbed by the skin
What are the "hierarchy of controls
Personal protective equipment
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