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Social Studies SS7H1 M.Alex
Terms in this set (45)
Dutch and British
European powers that colonized in South Africa
Political party that came to power in South Africa in 1948
A feeling of strong pride for one's country.
A series of restrictive segregationalist laws
Bantu Authorites Act
"Homelands" for black South Africans
A prominent member of the African National Congress, who also participated in protests
Sharpeville massacre where 69 people were killed and 180 were wounded.
F.W. de Klerk
Pardoned Mandela and renounced the ban on ANC
May 31, 1961
Republic of South Africa gained its independence from Britain
Violent rebellion that resulted in the deaths of tens of thousands of Africans
Leader of the freedom movement in Kenya and was appointed as the nation's first president
African country founded by former American slaves
About how many ethnic groups in Nigeria?
A policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
South Africa holds first election open to all races
In what year did F.W. de Klerk and Mandela share a Nobel Peace Prize?
Madela was captured and accused of sabotage and plotting to overthrow the goverenment in what year?
The trans-Atlantic ( ) lasted from the 1500's to the mid 1800's.
European countries saw that Africa was a continent full of vast ( ) and mineral wealth.
No major nation wanted to be without colonies with led to the...
scramble for Africa
The idea of _________ Africa also made many Europeans look favorably on the colonization of the continent.
By the mid-20th century, Africans began to openly_____European control of their countries.
When a central system of power takes over the surrounding land and its components.
When a strong nation wants to take over land and control it politically, economically, and socially.
Who was F. W. de Klerk?
A- Fought against apartheid and was put into prison. First black president of South Africa
B- South African college professor and prime minister of South Africa. Creator of apartheid.
C- South African president who ended apartheid. Freed many blacks who were imprisoned for protesting the apartheid government.
D- South African Rugby Team Captain. Became a symbol of unity between the blacks and whites of South Africa.
What does ANC stand for?
African National Congress - a political party formed in 1911 to give blacks a voice in the South African government.
Which European country colonized Kenya and Nigeria?
B- South India
C- Great Britain
A negative impact of colonialism on Africa was?
A- Unfair rules and laws
B- Ugly clothes
C- Lots of rain and wind
D- None of the above
Kenya, Nigeria, and South Africa..
1) Are still colonies of Great Britain
2) Had different paths to independence
Most of this ethnic group today are Muslims.
Usually a small independent military force/small bands of armed resistance forces
Why did Africans want independence?
To maintain their customs and beliefs, their way of life.
African National Congress ANC
Formed by black Africans, in 1912 to fight for their rights. They organized strikes and boyotts to protest racist policies. Nelson Mandela was a leader in this organization.
Which two European Countries dominated African colonization
Great Britain and France
During the 1950's, who allowed Nigeria to elect its own government?
Abubakar Tafawa Balewa
Nigeria's first prime minister. He was overthrown and murdered in a military coup in 1966.
Swahili for "let's pull together."
By what year, all but six African countries were independent nation-states?
At first, Nigeria was one of the more stable governments in Africa.
BUT, struggles for power have resulted in many military coups in the country.
In some African countries, military what took over the governments?
How did Kenya become an independent country?
The British left the country in large numbers and the Africans took Kenya back over.
Another motivation for the European colonization of Africa had to do with
Reputation or national prestige
(1884-1885) A meeting at which representatives from European Nations agreed upon rules for the European organization of Africa
Which factor most limited the development of African nationalism?
Political boundaries imposed by Europeans that had little relationship to African tribal boundaries
Since Nigeria's independence in 1960, its government has frequently shifted between democracy and military dictatorship. This situation suggests that...
Democracy is often difficult to establish in nations where little democratic tradition exists.
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