MUS 101 Exam 3 Terms
Terms in this set (41)
A multi movement composition for 2 violins, a viola, and a cello.
4 movements: Fast - slow - minuet - fast.
Beethoven started replacing the minuet with the Scherzo
a genre designed to demonstrate the expressive capabilities of a full orchestra. 4 movements. Large work for orchestra.
a light, multi-movement piece for strings or small orchestra; intended for evening entertainment; often performed outdoors
soloist with orchestra accompaniment, three movements (fast-slow-fast), performed in public concert halls
Compared to Baroque Opera, it had a simpler style, reflected human emotions, was more realistic, and occasionally included a chorus
solo work for piano or solo work for soloist (violin, flute, etc.) and piano
a musical setting of the most solemn service of the Catholic Church
The Classical Era
improvised/written out ornamental passage sung/played by soloist, free rhythmic
tragic/serious/dramatic Italian opera
An Italian comic opera. Presented lively, down-to-earth plots. Centered on a heroic middle class
Ternary form (three big parts) A: ab repeats B: cd repeats A: ab
Theme and Variations Form
a simple theme is set forth and then variations on the theme follow
The opening movement of the multimovement cycle consisting of themes that are stated in the first section (exposition), developed in the second section (development), and restated in the third section (recapitulation).
Sonata-Allegro with a Double Exposition
Repeat the exposition
The opening section, in sonata-allegro form it is the first section in which the major thematic themes are introduced
The second section of sonata-allegro form, structural reshaping of thematic material
psychological climax; return of first theme in the tonic satisfies listener's need for unity; restates first and second themes more or less in their original form, but not both themes are in the tonic
brings a piece to an end
2-3 or more soloists singing together.
a form in which single motives ties all the movements together
began replacing the minuet. Italian for "joke." Very fast.
What is the standard movement pattern of the Symphony and the String Quartet?
1. Fast (sonata form)
2. Slow (theme and variations or ABA)
3. Triple meter dance (minuet/trio) and dancelike.
4. Fast (rondo or sonata form)
What is the standard movement pattern of the Concerto and Sonata?
1. Fast (sonata form), long and dramatic.
2. Slow (theme and variations or ABA), lyrical.
3. Fast (rondo or sonata form) lively and spirited.
What were Haydn's last 12 symphonies called?
The London Symphonies
What is the psychological progression within Beethoven's fifth symphony?
1. Encounter with fate (minor key).
2. Quiet soul searching
3. Wrestling with fate
4. Victory over fate
What musical milestone did Mozart accomplish at age 8?
Wrote Symphony No. 1
What is the Heiligenstadt Testament and to whom did the author write it?
Beethoven's letter that was part suicide letter and part announcement to the world he was going deaf. Wrote it to his two younger brothers.
What political revolutions took place during the Classical Era?
What informal titles do we attribute to Haydn?
Father of the symphony and inventor of the string quartet.
Who is the transitional composer between the Classical and Romantic eras?
Beethoven (symphony 3)
In what school of thought were Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven all included?
The Viennese School
For what royal family did Haydn work for the majority of his professional life?
What was the status of the musician in the courts of the Classical Era?How did this affect the each of the composers we have studied in this unit?
Servant. Haydn did this for almost his entire life for the Esterhazys. Mozart did it for a little bit then went freelance. Beethoven never did it.
What new instrument did Mozart bring into popularity by writing a concerto for it?
How did Beethoven's father's temperament differ from Mozart's father?
Mozart's father was a famous musician. Beethoven's father pushed him hard to be a musician
To whom does Beethoven initially dedicate his third symphony and why does he change this dedication?
Napoleon. Changed because he had declared himself emperor and Beethoven lost respect for him
Which new genres were created during this period?
the symphony and the string quartet
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