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Ancient India and China
Terms in this set (37)
when did farming begin in India?
What are the names of the world's first planned cities?
How were the cities along the Indus River connected to other cities in Western India?
They traded by sending packages on the Indus River
how can the people of the Indus Valley prevent the flooding that eventually forced them to abandon their cities?
They can relocate to where there are less large scale floods
What does Indus Valley include?
India, Pakistan and Bangladesh
What is Indus valley referred to as?
What mountain ranges are in Indus Valley?
Hindu Kush, Karakorum, Himalayan
What settlements did the Harappan have?
College, Granary, Tower, Assembly Hall, Fortifications
What are the Harappan religious beliefs?
Theocracy. Priests pray for good harvest, safety from floods, etc. their goddess is shiva.
What items did the Harappans retrieve from trade?
Gold and Silver, from afghanistan, and Stones from persia.
Wha geographic barriers separate India from the rest of the continent?
Hindu Kush, Karakorum, Himalayan
What seasonal winds dominate India's climate?
Monsoons in October to February
What environmental challenges do these winds provide?
Soil is spread thin, rivers change course, cycle was unpredictable.
What is another name for Indus Valley civilization?
What did the Harappans use to make individual cities?
Built on Mud brick platforms, streets were 30 feet wide, wastewater flowed into sewage pits
Why is it impossible for linguists to decipher the Harappan language?
None of the inscriptions are bilingual.
List three characteristics of Harappan culture
animal images, close ties to religion, thriving trade
What is the possible cause of the end of Indus Valley culture?
There were floods and earthquakes and buildings collapsed
What are the national barriers surrounding China?
East: yellow sea, East China Sea, Pacific Ocean. West: Taklimakan
What are some environmental challenges for China?
Huang He's floods, geographic isolation, not completely protected by boundaries
built mainly of wood, higher classes live in timber frame, peasants live in huts
The elder men make important decisions and take care of property.
when girls were between 13 and 16, their marriages were set up. She could only improve her status by having sons.
Families are closely linked to religion.
they believed that spirits of their ancestors decided the fate of the family.
No links between written and spoken.
they can write on oracle bones found in the city of Anyang.
There are 10,000 characters in the Chinese system.
Two major river systems in China that flow from the west to the Pacific Ocean.
Huang He; Chang Jiang
a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
North China Plain
Name used for the homo erectus found near beiijing
The first Chinese Dynasty to leave written records.
The name the Chinese used to describe their own country as the center of the civilized world.
Animal remnants and tortoise shells used to submit questions to the gods.
basic Chinese system of writing
Mandate of Heaven
Divine approval for a Chinese ruler
the pattern of rise, decline, and replacement of ruling families in China.
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