CLAS 1270: ALL KEY TERMS
Terms in this set (48)
Sculpture created in such a way that the figures project toward the viewer from a flat background
Painting in watercolour on a moist wall so the colors sink in and become more durable
A large deep bowl for mixing wine with water
A pot or cauldron resting on three legs, usually presented as a prize or a votive offering
An upright stone slab, often carved or painted for use as a grave marker
A very large tomb meant for important people
The Mycenaean title for a man who held the position under the king
A king in Mycenaean
A duke in Mycenaean
A large two-handled jar for wine, olive oil, or other liquids
A open area where people held political meetings, trading stuff as well as a place for the cult
Pan(all) Hellenic(the Greeks), used during the Olympics to indicate that all people of Greek descent were allowed to participate
A type of clay that is lightly fired and not glazed, used mainly for decorative purposes
"assayers of Greeks", basically the judges of the competition, responsible for the operation of the Olympic games
A divine attribute worn usually by Athena represented as a Gorgons head with scales, said to give special powers to the wearer.
An adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing mentioned
A metrical form in which each line is made up of six dactyls (1 long syllable + 1 or 2 syllables)
A horizontal band of decoration, usually either painted or sculpted in relief
Kouros (Kouroi - plural)
An Archaic statue of naked young men in standing pose
Kore (Korai - plural)
An Archaic statue of a clothed woman in a standing pose
An oboe-like reed instrument, used as an accompaniment for sacrificial ritual, certain athletic activities, Elegiac poetry, and the advance of the Hoplites into battle
Referring to a metrical form that was considered to approximate to the rhythm of ordinary speech, generally used in Archaic Period for invective and satire, but later also used for epigram and other serious purposes
A marsh plant native to Egypt; also, the sheets used as a writing surface made by laying thin strips of the stem of the papyrus plant side by side, with another layer of similar strips crossing them, and usually a third layer again parallel to the first, the whole being then soaked in water, pressed together and dried
Referring to a metrical form consisting of couplets, the first of which is a Dactylic Hexameter and the second is a shorter variant of the hexameter, used for funerary epigrams and for other small-scale poems, often composed for performance in the Symposium
A heavily armed foot soldier, equipped with a helmet, shield, and body armor covering his torso and shins
A formation of heavily armed infantrymen (Hoplites) drawn up in close orders and carrying spears and overlapping shields
"drinking together" a ritualized gathering where privileged Greek males got together, ate, then drank wine mixed with water and entertained themselves (with poetry, music, games, and sexual activity, etc.)
A figure or design carved into a flat surface or metal, stone, or other hard material.
Sculpture created in such a way that the figures project toward the viewer from a flat background, as on most modern coins
An imaginary creature, part man part animal who likes to drink wine and have sex
Literally "the best (men)," used to refer to the members of the leading landowning families, first element of the word "aristocrat" and "aristocracy"
One of a number of usurpers, who seized autocratic power and established a hereditary monarchy
a mixture of water and clay, applied with a brush by Attic potters for decorating their ceramic ware.
"Rule by a few", excludes a majority of the population, the wealthy citizens control it
The title used to refer to the governor of a subdivision of the Persian Empire
The term used by the Greeks to refer to any non-Greek , the Persians speech sounded like "bar-bar"
The standard classical Greek warship, 3 oarsmen rowed the warship
Literally "the highest point of the city", a rocky eminence sometimes used as the site of a citadel during Mycenaen times and later serving as the religious focal point of the polis from the Archaic Period onward; often used specifically to refer to the acropolis of Athens
One of a group who had been collectively enslaved by, and was owned by, an alien state (especially Sparta), as opposed to the more common type of slave, who was privately own by an individual
A local territorial district, either a village or a neighborhood of a larger urban area; also, by extension, the inhabitants of the district
Trittyes):One of 30 units into which the population of Attica was divided by Cleisthenes in 508 BC, which one Trittys from each of the three geographical divisions (city, coast, and inland) combining to constitute one of the 10 tribes created by Cleisthenes
The Athenian practice of holding an election, in which fragments of pottery (ostraka) were used as ballots, to determine whether one prominent political figure should be removed from the polis for a 10-year period
A woman inspired to ritual frenzy by the god Dionysus often represented in the wilds of the countryside or mountains
Wanton behavior aimed at the humiliation of another person for the sole purpose of asserting ones own actual or imagined superiority in status, power, wealth, etc.
The triangle area under the over hang of the roof, usually in Greek temples or similar structures, sometimes filled with relief sculpture
A goddess that was beautiful and usually winged, Greek word for "victory"
One of a number of specialists in higher education who traveled through the Greek world, beginning in the 5thcentury BC, giving public displays of their expertise and offering instruction in a variety of subjects, particularly formal oratory
a sculptural representation of a mortal or a divinity, usually the god Hermes, in the form of a pillar surmounted by a head and furnished with genitals
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