Queen of the Scots, became the center of plots to kill Elizabeth;, Elizabeth's heir, catholic, forced out of England.e plots Elizabeth's murder but is never successful; Elizabeth is fed up and has this woman imprisoned and beheaded; supported by Spain (devout Catholics);Elizabeth's original heir to the throne; Originally, the Princess of Scotland → became Queen, Scotland had its independence; Scots and French were close because they both didn't like England; Mary left Scotland and went to France for almost her whole life (Raised by future in-laws in Paris, cultural city, "popping); Different from Elizabeth because she slept around with guys,but didn't understand how to use men. First Husband loved her, but died at the age of 20; Mary moved back to Scotland, depressed; Had drinking problems (Said she wanted to be Queen of England); Married a man named Darnley; had an affair with her Secretary, Richio. Darnley finds out about Richio and kills him, brutally. Darnley gets killed (Mary is framed for this); Mary marries Earl of Bothwell (Probably forced to, worse than Darnley); Mary is thrown off the throne and into the dungeon; James I of Scotland becomes Mary's heir; Elizabeth takes her in (she thinks she is the greatest and can fix Mary); Mary was caught a few times trying to kill Elizabeth so, she was forced to kill Mary after being tried for treason; James didn't try to help his mom. Roman Catholic papacy during the period 1309-77, when the popes resided at Avignon, France. Elected pope through the machinations of Philip IV of France, Clement V moved the papal capital to Avignon four years later primarily for political reasons. All seven popes of this period were French, as were most of the cardinals, which aroused English and German animosity. During the Avignon papacy the cardinals began to play a stronger role in church government, church and clergy were reformed, missionary efforts were expanded, and popes tried to settle royal rivalries and establish peace. The heavy French influence damaged the prestige of the papacy, however, and in 1377 Gregory XI returned to Rome. The cardinals elected a new pope who took the Avignon seat, becoming the first of a line of antipopes and beginning the Western Schism.