24 terms

Org. Psych Textbook 3.1-3.2

Individual differences
Dissimilarities between or among two or more people
mental test
instrument designed to measure a subject's ability to reason, plan and solve problems; an intelligence test.
differential psychology
scientific study of differences between or among two or more people.
the ability to learn and adapt to an environment; often used to refer to general intellectual capacity, as opposed to cognitive ability or mental ability, which often refer to more specific abilities such as memory or reasoning.
Mental ability
capacity to reason, plan, solve problems; cognitive ability.
standard of measurement; a scale.
practice of measuring a characteristic such as mental ability, placing it on a scale or metric.
intelligence test
Instrument designed to measure the ability to reason learn and solve problems.
abbreviation for general mental ability
General mental ability
the nonspecific capacity to reason, learn and solve problems in any of a wide variety of ways and circumstances.
g-ocentric model
Tendency to understand and predict the behavior of workers simply by examining "g".
Muscular tension
physical quality of muscular strength
muscular power
physical ability to lift, pull, push or otherwise move an object; unlike endurance this is a one-time max. effort.
Occupational Information Network. Collection of electronic databases based on well-developed taxonomies, that has updated and replaced the "Dictionary of Occupational Titles."
tacit knowledge
Action-oriented, goal-directed knowledge, acquired without direct help from others; colloquially called "street smarts"
procedural knowledge
knowing how
declarative knowledge
understanding what is required to perform a task; knowing information about a job or job task.
Emile Durkheim
French Sociologist the division of labor in Society (1893). Unlike Marx, believed that labor was divided between managers and workers because of specialized functions. co-dependent
Max Weber
thought that bureaucracy was the ideal form of organization; included a formal hierarchy, division of labor, and clear set of operating procedures.
classic organizational theory
assumes that their is one best form of organization, regardless of other circumstances. places a premium on control of individual behavior by the organization.
Raven's Progressive Matrices
Proxy Measures
EX: SAT (without the writing section).
statistical control
using statistical techniques to control for the influence of certain variables; allows researchers to concentrate exclusively on the relationship between the primary relationship of interest.
statistical power
the likelihood of finding a statistically significant difference when a true difference exists.