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12 terms

Bio 2.3 Flashcards: carbon Compounds

Carbon compounds
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carbohydrate
compound made up of C, H, & O in a 1:2:1 ratio; includes sugars and starches; main source of energy in living things
monosaccharide
single sugar molecules; simple carbohydrate monomer
polysaccharide
carbohydrate polymer; includes glycogen, starch, & cellulose
lipid
macromolecule made mainly of C, H, & O; includes fats, oils, & waxes; used to store energy & part of biological membrane
nucleic acid
polymer or macromolecule containing C, H, O, P & N; used to store & transmit genetic information
nucleotide
monomer of nucleic acids & made up of 5-C sugar, phosphate group, & N base
protein
macromolecule or polymer made up of C, H, O, & N; function as enzymes, form cellular structures, form channel in cell membrane
amino acid
monomer of a protein; made up of an amino group (NH2), carboxyl group (COOH), & "R" group
monomer
means single part; smaller unit of macromolecules or polymer
polymer
means many parts; large molecule made up of monomers
macromolecule
large molecules made from thousands or more smaller molecules
organic
contains carbon; comes from a living source