Terms in this set (19)
general level of stress that is a characteristic of each individual; personality trait; individual's predisposition to experience anxiety before or during competition
heightened presence of distress in response to a particular situation which is generally short lived; anxiety that occurs before or during competition;
narrows attentional focus increased physical arousal; emotional; performance goes down when anxiety is high
desire that comes from within
desire to succeed to gain an external award (e.g trophy, money)
Need to Achieve (NACH)
desire to succeed in a task which will lead to happiness and satisfaction
Need to Avoid Failure (NAF)
desire to succeed in a task to avoid unpleasant or undesirable consequences
fear or apprehension in anticipation of confronting a situation perceived to be threatening
an internal state that activates, directs and sustains behaviour towards achieving a goal
the level of anxiety before or during a performance. A function of alertness, situational awareness, vigilance, level of distraction, stress and direction of attention.
provides athletes with ongoing challenges and motivation
technique of picturing the performance or skill before performing it
give athletes time to calm their mind, focus and improve their performance
specifies a goal that a performer will focus on while performing. For example, a fielder in cricket might set a goal to keep their eyes on the ball when making a catch.
a goal that specifies the achievement of an end product of performance that is relatively independent of the performance of other people, such as running a race in a certain time rather than beating others.
A goal that is specific, measurable, attainable, realistic and time-based.
progressive muscular relaxation
Systematically tensing particular muscle groups in your body before releasing the tension and noticing how your muscles feel when you relax them.
Conscious and subconscious dialogue that occurs in your mind before, during, and after competition. Self-talk affects your confidence and emotions which impact your performance. It can be positive or negative.
as arousal level increases, performance improves, but only to a point, beyond which increases in arousal lead to a deterioration in performance.; high levels of performance are associated with moderate levels of arousal; low levels of performance are associated with low and high levels of arousal
Model of Relationship b/w arousal and performance; says cognitive state anxiety has a (-) linear relationship on performance;If cognitive anxiety is high, the increases in arousal pass a point of optimal arousal and a rapid decline in performance occurs