25 terms

Courts #1

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Appeal
__________ - a request, made after a trial, asking a higher court to decide whether that trial was conducted properly.
Appellate court
__________ - any court that has the power to hear appeals from lower courts.
Appellate jurisdiction
__________ - the power to hear appeals of cases that have been tried in lower courts.
Circuit court
__________ - a court for a defined region of a state (usually including several counties) that has specific divisions and hears cases involving more serious crimes (felonies) and civil cases involving large amounts of money (more than $15,000).
County court
__________ - a court that hears both civil and criminal cases involving less serious crimes or minor issues for one specific county.
Florida District Court of Appeals
__________ - an appellate court in the Florida state court system that reviews decisions made by the lower trial courts.
Florida Supreme Court
__________- the highest state court in this state.
Judge
__________ - a public official who decides questions brought before a court.
Jurisdiction
__________ - the right and power for courts to hear a case, interpret and apply the law.
Jury
__________ - a group of citizens sworn to give a true verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law.
Original jurisdiction
__________ - the power of a court to be the first to hear a case on a specific topic.
U.S. circuit court of appeals
__________ - the court where parties who are dissatisfied with the judgment of a U.S. district court may take their case.
U.S. district courts
__________ - the courts where most federal cases begin, the U.S. District Courts are courts of original jurisdiction and hear civil and criminal cases.
U.S. Supreme Court
__________ - the highest court of the United States; it sits at the top of the federal court system.
Miranda v. Arizona
When the police arrest a suspect, that person is informed of his or her rights (as a result of the 1966 Supreme Court case __________)
Civil cases
__________ involve disputes between people or groups of people where no criminal laws have been broken. These cases are called lawsuits.
Criminal case
__________ - a case involving someone who is accused of committing an illegal activity.
Cross-examination
__________ - the follow-up questioning of a witness by the side that did not call the witness to the stand.
Defendant
__________ - the person who answers the legal action of a plaintiff or has been charged with breaking the law.
Defense
__________ - the person/people/business (etc.) and attorney(s) who answer the legal action of a prosecutor.
Miranda v. Arizona
Which U.S. Supreme Court case upheld the Fifth Amendment protection from self-incrimination and led to police verbally informing suspects of their rights?
Plaintiff
__________ - the person who brings legal action against another person in a civil trial (in other words, the person who sues someone).
Prosecutor
__________ - the person who brings legal action against another person in a criminal trial.
Summary judgment
__________ - a judgment decided by a trial court without the case going to trial.
Juror
__________ - a member of the jury.
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