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The Vietnam War
Terms in this set (15)
Why did the United States back the French in their fight against Ho Chi Minh?
The United States wanted to ensure French support in the Cold War.
In Indochina, the United States decided to back the French in Vietnam instead of risk weakening Western European support for America's Cold War against the Soviet Union.
How did the 1949 communist victory in the Chinese civil war influence American involvement in Vietnam?
The United States increased aid to the French in Vietnam.
The communist victory in China increased the Cold War tensions between the United States and communist countries. President Harry Truman responded by increasing aid to France in its fight against Ho Chi Minh.
According to the domino theory, why did President Dwight D. Eisenhower continue Harry Truman's support for the French in Vietnam?
President Eisenhower wanted to contain communism to protect the entire region.
Eisenhower's domino theory maintained that if Vietnam fell to the communists, its neighbors would, too, threatening America's allies in the western Pacific, including Japan, Australia, and the Philippines.
How did the United States respond to the French defeat at Bien Dien Phu?
The United States supported a new anticommunist government in South Vietnam.
After the French defeat at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam was split into two independent nations: North Vietnam, ruled by Ho Chi Minh and the communists; and South Vietnam, ruled by an anticommunist government supported by the United States.
How did the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) try to contain the spread of communism?
SEATO allied the United States and seven other nations against Asian communism.
The United States tried to contain Asian communism by creating a group similar to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). NATO brought nations together to oppose communism in Europe; SEATO tried to do the same in Asia.
How did the Vietcong insurgency affect American policy toward Vietnam?
The Vietcong strikes convinced President John F. Kennedy to send American military advisers to South Vietnam.
The North Vietnamese National Liberation Front (NLF), or Vietcong, used assassinations and guerrilla strikes to weaken Diem's hold on South Vietnam. President Kennedy responded by sending Special Forces troops to advise the South Vietnamese army.
Why did the United States support a change in South Vietnamese leadership?
The United States saw that Ngo Dinh Diem was alienating South Vietnamese citizens.
Diem's anti-Buddhist policies and refusal to enact land reforms weakened the South Vietnamese public's support for the fight against North Vietnam. The United States decided that South Vietnam needed new leadership.
Which of the following organizations tried to contain the spread of communism in Southeast Asia?
SEATO, the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization, was formed for the expressed purpose of stopping communism.
Who were the Vietcong?
communist guerrilla fighters
President Kennedy sent Special Forces troops to advise which of the following groups on more effective ways to fight communist forces?
Kennedy sent Special Forces troops to advise the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).
What was the most significant reason for President Lyndon B. Johnson's air strike on North Vietnam in August 1964?
President Johnson wanted to respond to a North Vietnamese attack on an American warship.
After the USS Maddox came under North Vietnamese fire in the Gulf of Tonkin, President Johnson had sufficient reason to order direct air strikes against North Vietnam.
How did the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution affect President Lyndon B. Johnson's ability to fight communism in South Vietnam?
The resolution allowed President Johnson to commit more troops to South Vietnam without the approval of Congress.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allowed President Johnson to commit U.S. troops to South Vietnam and fight a war against North Vietnam without ever going back to Congress to ask for a declaration of war.
Read the comment made by President Johnson.
What "open aggression" was he referring to?
"Aggression by terror against peaceful villages of South Vietnam has now been joined by open aggression on the high seas against the United States of America."
North Vietnamese fired on an American destroyer.
On August 2, 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats fired on the American destroyer USS Maddox as it patrolled off the coast of North Vietnam.
How did President Johnson escalate American involvement in Vietnam?
Troubled by increasing strikes against the American ally, Johnson ordered an airstrike against North Vietnam.
What did the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution give President Johnson the power to do?
The resolution allowed Johnson to commit U.S. troops to South Vietnam and fight a war against North Vietnam without ever going back to Congress to ask for a declaration of war.
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