Chapter 5 History
Terms in this set (61)
What is a unicameral legislature?
a lawmaking body with a single house of elected representatives
States that wanted a more democratic form of government with greater representation for the common people favored
a unicameral legislature
Most state constitutions guaranteed
freedom of religion
what type of government did the Articles of Confederation create?
a loose confederation of strong state governments
under the Articles of Confederation, who chose the federal government's congress of delegates?
the Northwest Ordinance of 1787
set up rules and procedures for territories to request admission into the US as a state
Under the Articles of Confederation, small states like Rhode Island, wielded as much power as large states such as Virginia, because
each state had one vote in Congress
Which of the following was a weakness of the Articles of Confederation?
congress could not levy or collect taxes from the states
Which proposal most resembled the Articles of Confederation?
The New Jersey Plan
Which of the following was a tenet of the New Jersey Plan?
an executive committee leads the executive branch
the US constitution contains which provision from the Virginia plan?
the government is divided into three branches
Which of the following was a prominent Federalist?
Critics of the Virginia Plan were concerned that
a strong president would gain king-like power
Which of the following describes federalism?
state and national governments share power
The Three-Fifths compromise resulted in
more representation in Congress for Southern states
What did the Federalists want the Constitution to provide?
a strong central government
Antifederalists criticized the Constitution as
concentrating too much power in the hands of a few
To win support for the Constitution, Federalists promised to add
a bill of rights
Who is the group of people chosen from each state to elect the president indirectly?
a system in which power is shared by state and national government is
In what year could the Constitution go into effect?
Which principle provides for a system in which the government derives its power from the governed?
In what way does the legislative branch check the power of the Judicial branch?
Which political theory defines the different responsibilities for each branch of the government?
separation of powers
new governments based on:
democracy-government by the people
republic-government through elected reps
theory of natural rights
role of government is to protect natural rights
"people are naturally selfish"
content of state constitutions
restrict powers of governor
voters=white, mail, tax payers
separation of church and state
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
women give moral guidance to their husbands
educate kids about liberty and the government
they still didn't have a say in government but their was an increase in education
When was the Articles of Confederation adopted?
November 15, 1777
What did the AofC do?
formed a confederation of states
each state was sovereign
allowed congress to:
to borrow and coin money
can't regulate foreign affairs
deal with American Indians
settle disputes between states
1 vote per state
all 13 states must agree if want to amend
states hold all the power, congress power was limited
What were some weaknesses of the articles?
Congress is weak
no power for them to tax states
power is all in the states
Gov't was in huge debt
they printed paper money called continentals-which were not backed by gold and solver, just credits and no one excepts them
1784-the nation is in depression
When were the Articles ratified?
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin
Land Ordinance of 1785
distributed land, created townships. 640 acre tracts of land. 1 section for a school and 4 sections for veterans.
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
created a system of government, and created the process for becoming a state. Guaranteed civil rights and banned slavery
Farmers rebelled against the government in MA. Government was taxing the land, and if you didn't pay the tax your land was taken away. Only accepted gold and silver. Farmers complained to legislature but the government ignored the legislature. Rebellion failed, and the ability for the national government to handle problems was questioned and there was support for a more powerful government
met in Philadelphia on May 1787 at the Pennsylvania state house=Independence Hall
Who wrote the Virginia Plan?
What were the effects of the Virginia Plan
granted more power to the central governments and less power to the states
Promoted federalism - division of powers
What did the Virginia Plan give Congress the right to do?
overturn state laws
force states to fulfill duties
How was the Government divided under the Virginia plan?
3 branches - legislative, executive, and judicial
Legislative was bicameral-lower house and upper house
Voters elect the lower house, elected reps choose the upper house
number of reps in each house was based on population
Who proposed the New Jersey plan?
What did the New Jersey plan involve?
a unicameral legislature, each state would receive 1 vote.
What did the New Jersey plan give the federal government the right to do?
tax, regulate commerce,
When was the New Jersey plan rejected?
Who wrote the great compromise?
What did the great compromise involve?
3 branches of the federal government
upper house-granted equal representation (senate)
lower house-population (house of reps)
interprets laws-supreme court
What was the Three-Fifths Compromise?
Should slaves count as part of the population?
Compromise: count each slave as 3/5's of a person, and those states are taxed by the same formula
debate-who should control commerce?
Compromise: congress can levy taxes on imported goods, but slave importation will continue until 1807
When was the final version of the constitution presented?
September 17, 1787
Who were the federalists?
favored ratification, supported strong national government-to ensure strong currency, protect property rights, and provide stability and security. Wealthy merchants, planters and lawyers (North)
Who were the antifederalists?
oppose ratification, supported states' rights, feared a powerful national government-fearing it would destroy states' rights, resembles a monarchy, and violates the principles of liberty. (Southerners) thought constitution was undemocratic
Who was the biggest critic of the constitution?
How did the federalists respond to antifederalist criticism?
The Federalist Papers
Who wrote the Federalist Papers?
John Jay, Alexander Hamilton and James Madison
What was the main problem the antifederalists had?
individual rights were not included in the constitution. Federalists argued that they are covered by state constitution, but antifederalists say a bill of rights needs to be included. (Bill of Rights: 1st 10 amendments)
Which state was the last to ratify?
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