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Arts and Humanities
World War II
Terms in this set (50)
How were dictators acting in the 1930s?
They were aggressive all around the world
In Japan ('30s), who did the military leaders overrun?
Manchuria and much of Eastern China
In Italy ('30s), who did Mussolini invade and conquer?
In Germany ('30s), what did Hitler accomplish?
Rebuilt the military and invaded the Rhineland in violation of the Versailles treaty
How did Western Democracies react to these actions by dictators?
They denounced it but chose a policy of appeasement
Why was there widespread pacifism?
The devastation and lost of life in the Great War (many people viewed Hitler's fascism as a defense against Soviet Communism)
Who wanted to confront Hitler but why didn't they?
France didn't confront him because they couldn't do it alone and Britain didn't want to help
Why did the US Congress pass a series of Neutrality Acts?
They aimed for them to keep us out of any future European wars
Who were the axis powers and why did they exist?
(Anti democratic powers) Italy, Germany, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact to fight Soviet Communism and also NOT interfere with one another's plans for territorial expansion
What happened after a civil war in Spain ousted the king?
Reformers created a republic with a liberal constitution taking power from the church and old ruling classes
What did conservative general Francisco Franco launch in 1936?
A revolt against the republic
The Fascists and the right wing; supported Franco
Communists and Socialists; supported the republic
What was the Spanish Civil War used as and by who?
Hitler and Mussolini used it as a dress rehearsal; Nazi's used this as a way to test their new bombers
Hitler and Mussolini supported Franco by
Sending arms and forces
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