Terms in this set (63)
organisms that are too small to be seen with the naked eye
organisms that you can see with the naked eye
a long term relationship between two organisms living in close physical association with each other
Symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit
Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits while the other is not harmed
Symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits while the other is harmed
Special structure that holds chlorophyll
Have a special green pigment that helps with photosynthesis
moves water up from the soil into the tree
moves food down from the leaves
typically reproduces utilizing a cone
reproduces utilizing a flower
process in which plants use energy from the sun to make simple sugar called glucose (C6H12O6)
any place that can store carbon
the movement of carbon from one reservoir to the next
Bromothymol Blue (BTB)
Indicator for CO2. Turns green or yellow if CO2 is present and stays blue if CO2 isn't present
The collection of ALL carbon reservoirs and the flow of carbon to and from each reservoirs
Process by which organisms break down glucose and oxygen to receive energy. This process also involves the release of a waste product, carbon dioxide
Something used in an experiment to establish a baseline. Allows a scientist to see what will happen if the independent variable is not applied. The "control" does not receive the special treatment.
Help to verify the results are consistent and reliable.
Place where an organism lives
An organism's job in an ecosystem
Organisms that get their energy directly from sunlight
Organisms that eat producers or any other organism for energy
Consumers that only eat plants or parts of a plant for energy
Consumers that only eat meat for energy
Consumers that eat both plants and animals for energy
Consumers that eat dead animal and plant material. The food is typically not killed by the scavenger though.
An ecosystem's recycling team. Responsible for breaking down ALL the dead stuff that would otherwise accumulate in the ecosystem.
Living components of the environment
Non-living parts of the environment
Organisms that are closely related and can mate to produce fertile offspring
A group one particular type of species living in the same area at the same time.
All the different populations of different species living and interacting in a certain area
Interaction between the community of living organisms and the abiotic factors in a certain area.
The study of the interactions between organisms and the physical features of their environment.
Maximum number of individuals of one species that the environment can support
Part of the environment that keeps a population's size either at or below its maximum size.
Naming species by their genus and speicies
Movement of molecules of matter in a circular pattern due to uneven heating
The transfer of heat by direct contact.
Heat is transferred by the circulation of liquids and gases from warmer areas to less warm areas. Molecules have to be able to move that heat energy which is why this cannot occur in solids
Heat that is transferred through space without heating the space between objects
The measurement of how fast the molecules are moving. It is also the way of measuring heat energy.
A substance that occupies space and has mass
A form of energy from moving molecules
Amount of space an object takes up
Amount of matter in a certain amount of space or how tightly packed together the molecules are in an object
Group of atoms bonded together
The smallest most basic unit of life and has the properties of a chemical element
Currents on the ocean's surface
Massive vortices, or whirlpools, in the ocean
The tremendous warm-water current flowing northward along the East Coast of North America
North Atlantic Drift
A broader ocean current which the Gulf Stream merges into
Deep Ocean Currents
When salty water from the poles sink and form current near the bottom of the ocean
The Global Ocean Conveyor Belt
The pattern of currents moving water around the planet
(C6H12O6) A simple sugar received by plants through photosynthesis
The representation of an energy flow in a community
A representation of how food and energy moves from one organism to the next
A complex representation of the way the energy moves in a real ecosystem and how the organisms relate to one and another.
The measure of the amount of matter in an object
When deep ocean currents rise to bring rich nutrients to the surface
When surface currents replace the deep ocean currents that have risen to bring rich nutrients to the surface.
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