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Explorers vocabulary words
Unit 2 Explorer vocabulary words for Ms. Hughes
Terms in this set (33)
searching the unknown
long spoken tale repeated from one generation to another.
the first Europeans to explore North America. They explored eastern Canada.
The Viking explorer who reached North America (Canada) naming it Vineland because he found grapes there.
European who spent many years in China, he wrote a book about his travels that excited Europeans about exploration. (Columbus read his book)
A technological invention using moveable type to print books. This invention helped to begin the Age of Exploration.
Men who made maps
India, China, Japan, and the surrounding islands
First European country to find a waterway around Africa to Asia. They led the work in exploration.
The study of how to plan and control the course of a ship.
In 1492. he made the first of four trips to America, believing he had reached the Indies.
A small three-masted ship that had both square and triangular sails
A navigational instrument used to help sailors find direction.
An instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets
The North Star
Star at the end of the Little Dipper used by navigators to help guide their ships
The ships of Columbus
Pinta, Nina , and the Santa-Maria
Made the logical conclusion that Columbus had not reached India, but a new continent. America was named for him.
English explorer that claimed much of the Atlantic coast for England while searching for a passage through America to the Indies.
First to sail around the world proving that it was round. (He died in a war in the Philippines.)
A sickness, often of navigators, of not getting enough vitamin C found in fruits and vegetables.
A king or queen of a country.
A Spanish conqueror.
Hernando de Soto
Discovered the Mississippi River while rocking for gold for Soain.
Continents of the New World
The Western hemisphere including North and South America.
Continents of the Old World
The continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa
The Columbian Exchange
The movement of plants, animals, and people from one continent to another.
a. From Europe: Rice, wheat, coffee, horses, pigs, cows, and chickens
b. From America: Squash, potatoes, corn, peanuts
Hired by the Dutch to search for a new route to Asia. Claimed land for the Dutch, the Hudson River and Bay were named for him.
The Northwest Passage
Explorers looked for a river that would cut west
through North America that would be a NW passage to Asia, Of course, there was not one.
Robert La Salle
Explored the Mississippi River claiming the entire region for France He named it Louisiana in honor of King Louis.
Diseases Spread to the New World:
Measles, smallpox, malaria, and diphtheria. (European disease was the biggest killer of the Indian)
Political reasons for exploration
Fierce competition among the nation-states of Spain, Portugal, and England
Economic reasons for exploration
Expansion of international trade
Technological reasons for exploration
Shipbuilding, compass, astrolabe. etc
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