AP Gov Ch.3 Terms
Terms in this set (35)
System of government in which authority is shared between a national/federal/central government and a state/local government.
System of government in which the national government exercises only those powers granted to it by the state governments.
System of government in which the state governments exercise only those powers granted to it by the national government.
Powers held by both national and state governments. They are implied
Powers not directly listed in the Constitution
Vertical Checks and balances
Power is divided between the national and local governments (division of powers)
Horizontal Checks and balances
The three branches of government check each other (separation of powers)
agreements between 2 or more states that can help them solve regional problems; congressional consent is needed if the contract tends to increase the power of compacting states relative to other states or the national government.
Government can tax imports, but not exports
McCulloch v. Maryland
Federal government created a national bank, which competed for customers with the Baltimore bank. In retaliation, the state bank taxed the national bank to put it out of business. National bank was declared constitutional (necessary and proper clause) and states cannot tax the federal government.
The Supremacy Clause
Preemption; states cannot use reserved/concurrent powers to thwart national policies/ Constitution and Federal laws are the supreme law of the land.
powers given to the national government alone
powers given to the state government alone
A doctrine that emphasizes a distinction between federal and state spheres of government authority. The powers are coequal ad should not interfere with the other's domain (no concurrent powers)
intergovernmental relations (IGR)
collaborative efforts of two or more levels of government working to serve the public
the state-to-state relationships created by the U.S. Constitution
New judicial Federalism
the practice whereby state judges base decisions regarding civil rights and liberties on their state's constitution rather than on the U.S. Constitution, when their state's constitution guarantees more than minimum rights
grant-in-aid (intergovernmental transfer)
transfer of money from one government to another government that does not need to be paid back [used by FDR in the New Deal]
the relationship between the national and state governments whereby the national government imposes its policy preferences on state governments [ this came between FDR's cooperative federalism and Nixon's new federalism; used by LBJ]
the current status of national-state relations that involve conflicting elements of dual, cooperative and centralized federalisms
efforts by groups representing state and local governments to influence national public policy
the relationship between the national government and state and local governments whereby the national government provides grant money to state and local governments [this is when the federal government uses grants-in-aid to get state and local governments to adopt federal policies]
theory that state and local governments should cooperate in solving problems
transfer of powers from a national government to a state/local government
categorical project grant
federal grants to states that are for specific programs or projects
federal programs that provide funds to state and local governments for general functional areas
necessary and proper clause/elastic clause
gives Congress all powers that can be "reasonably inferred", but not expressly states in the Constitution; Article 1, Section 8, Par. 18
categorical formula grant
grants given to states based on a formula that calculates the amount
federal legislation that forces states and municipalities to comply with certain rules and regulations
model of federalism in which specific programs and policies involve all levels of government
hand over a person accused or convicted of a crime to the jurisdiction of the state in which the crime was committed.
Full faith and credit clause
states within the United States have to respect the "public acts, records, and judicial proceedings" of other states.
he authority conferred upon the states by the Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution and which the states delegate to their political subdivisions to enact measures to preserve and protect the safety, health, welfare, and morals of the community.
privileges and immunities
Concepts contained in the U.S. Constitution that place the citizens of each state on an equal basis with citizens of other states in respect to advantages resulting from citizenship in those states and citizenship in the United States.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
American Government - Your Voice, Your Future | Matthew Kerbel
Chapter 4 Government
Chapter 3: States, Communities, and American Federalism
Chapter 4 Government
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Field Training Prep: Miscellaneous
Field Training Prep: Ultimate Disc!
Field Training Prep: Informal Inspections and Counseling
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP government court cases to know
Ch. 6 Vocab Terms
AP GOVERNMENT REVIEW SET
AP Gov Ch 1 The Constitution