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Terms in this set (33)

-attack in 1902 after the unpopular south African war by radical English economist J.A Hobson in his Imperialism
-contended the rush to acquire colonies was due to the economic needs of unregulated capitalism, particularly the need of the rich to find outlets for their surplus capital
-argued imperial possessions did not pay off economically for the entire country, only the upper class
-argued quest for empire diverted popular attention away from domestic reform and the need to reduce the gap between rich and poor
-Marxist critics offered a thorough analysis and critique of western imperialism
-Rosa Luxemburg, a radical member of SPD argued that capitalism needed to expand into non capitalist Asia and Africa to maintain high profits
-the Russian Marxist and Lenin concluded that the imperialism represented the highest stage of advanced monopoly capitalism and predicted that its onset signaled the coming decay and collapse of capitalist society
-most people, though, were sold on the idea that imperialism was economically profitable for the homeland, and the masses developed a broad and genuine enthusiasm for empire
-however, critics struck home with their moral condemnation of whites imperiously ruling nonwhites
-they rebelled against crude social Darwinian though
-Conrad castigated the selfishness of Europeans in supposedly civilizing Africa
-critics charged Europeans with applying a degrading double standard and failing to live up to their own noble ideas
-at home, Europeans had won representative gov, individual liberties, and equality of opportunity
-in the empires, Europeans imposed military dictatorships, forced Africans and Asians to work involuntarily, and subjected them to discrimination
-only by renouncing imperialism, critics insisted, and giving captive peoples the freedoms Western society had struggled for would Europeans be worthy of their traditions
-provided colonial peoples with a western ideology of liberation