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Chapter 2: Population
Terms in this set (23)
The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture
The total number of people divided by the total land area
A complete enumeration of a population.
Crude Birth Rate
Number of births per 1,000 people per year
Crude Death Rate
The number of deaths per year per 1,000 people.
A change in the rates of population growth. Before the transition, both birth and death rates are high, resulting in a slowly growing population; then the death rate drops but the birth rate remains high, causing a population explosion. (867)
Encompasses vital statistics about people such as births, deaths, distribution, and population size.
The number of people under the age of 15 and over age 64 (non-working), compared to the number of people active in the labor force.
The number of years needed to double a population, assuming a constant rate of natural increase.
The portion of Earth's surface occupied by permanent human settlement.
Describes a shift in the patterns of morbidity and mortality from causes related primarily to infectious and communicable diseases to causes associated with chronic, degenerative diseases.
Branch of medical science concerned with the incidence, distribution, and control of diseases that are prevalent among a population at a special time and are produced by some special causes not generally present in the affected locality.
A period during the late eighteenth century when machine power was substituted for human power, making it more economical to manufacture goods in factories than at home.
Infant Mortality Rate
A figure that describes the number of babies that die within the first year of their lives in a given population.
A figure indicating how long, on average, a person may be expected to live. Normally expressed in the context of a particular state.
Medical technology invented in Europe and North America that is diffused to the poorer countries of Latin America, Asia, and Africa. Improved medical practices have eliminated many of the traditional causes of death in poorer countries and enabled more people to live longer and healthier lives.
Natural Increase Rate
The percentage growth of a population in a year, computed as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate.
The number of a people in an area exceeds the capacity of the environment to support life at a decent standard of living.
widespread; occurring over a large area or affecting an unusually large percentage of the population
The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
Ratio of males to females
Total Fertility Rate
The number of children born to an average woman in a population during her entire reproductive life
Zero Population Growth
A decline of the total fertility rate to the point where the natural increase rate equals zero.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 3: Migration
Chapter 4: Folk & Pop Culture
Chapter 5: Language
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