122 terms

Computers

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Joining together as a group to use a specific product more efficiently is called ________.
collaborative consumption
Affective computing is ________.
responding to human emotions
________ computing relates to emotion or deliberately tries to influence emotion
Affective
________ is the gathering together of groups of people using online tools to connect and exchange ideas.
Social networking
One potential application of ________ is to provide sight to the blind.
biomedical chip implants
The technology called QR codes stands for ________.
quick response
Which of the following software can best be used to help create digital art?
a. Microsoft Word
b. Adobe Illustrator
c. Adobe Acrobat
d. Microsoft Excel
Adobe Illustrator
The difference between people with access to computers and the Internet and those without this access is known as the ________.
digital divide
________ is a field of study focused on information handling and retrieval of information automatically.
Information technology
People who are ________ make the Internet a powerful research tool and know how to find the information that they want effectively.
computer literate
The process of searching huge amounts of data with the hope of finding a pattern is called ________.
data mining
Analyzing computer systems to gather potential legal evidence is ________.
computer forensics
The ________ is a strategic plan to focus on the young, talented, mathematical minds of Africa.
Next Einstein Initiative
Faculty at universities often use course management software such as ________ to make information available to students.
Moodle
The emotional-social prosthesis (ESP) device, developed by a group at the MIT Media Lab, is targeted at helping people who have ________.
autism
The goal of ________ is to provide technological solutions to physical problems, such as providing sight to the blind.
biomedical chip research
Using the Internet to get small donations from many people to start a business is called ________.
crowdfunding
All of the following factors lead to better personal satisfaction, EXCEPT ________.
a. National Research Council
b. Next Einstein Initiative
c. Future Civic Media
d. Childhood Walk
Next Einstein Initiative
The ESP system targeted at helping with autism stands for ________
emotional-social prosthesis
An identification chip that is smaller than a period is known as ________.
m-chip
The crisis-mapping tool ________ can collect information to make instantly and publicly available for use in emergencies.
Ushahidi
A popular Voice over Internet protocol service is ________.
Skype
Which of the following is an example of data mining?
a. Raw data from questionnaires given at the mall
b. An Excel spreadsheet listing all employees and their annual salaries in a random order
c. A printout of all sales taken from the register at the end of the day
d. Amazon providing you with a list of books you might enjoy
Amazon providing you with a list of books you might enjoy
The four functions of the computer include input, process, output, and ________.
storage
A(n) ________ is where a peripheral device can attach to a computer so that data can be exchanged between it and the operating system.
port
A ________ enables your computer to connect to other computers or to the Internet.
network interface card (NIC)
The number of pixels displayed on the screen is known as ________.
screen resolution
Large, expensive computers that support hundreds of users simultaneously are called ________.
mainframes
The standard keyboard is known as the ________ keyboard.
QWERTY
Which of the following is the largest unit of measure for the size of a computer file?
Petabyte
In binary language, each letter of the alphabet, each number, and each special character is made up of a unique combination of ________.
eight bits
Processing performance is affected by the number of processing paths called ________.
cores
________ computers are specially designed computer chips that reside inside other devices such as your car or the electronic thermostat in your home.
Embedded
Which of the following is NOT true about data?
a. It represents a fact, a figure, or an idea.
b. It has been organized or presented in a meaningful way.
c. It can be a recording of sound.
d. It can be a number, a word, or a picture.
It has been organized or presented in a meaningful way.
The ________ is used in combination with other keys to perform shortcuts and special tasks.
Control (Ctrl) key
Display screens that respond to commands initiated with your finger or a stylus are called ________.
touch screens
________ keyboards can be rolled up and put in your backpack.
Flexible
________ printers have tiny hammer-like keys that strike the paper through an inked ribbon.
Impact
The most common way to connect devices to a computer is to use the ________ port.
Universal serial bus (USB)
________ is the applied science concerned with designing and arranging machines and furniture so that people use so that the people using them aren't subjected to an uncomfortable or unsafe experience.
Ergonomics
Which of the following is NOT one of the four major data processing functions of a computer?
a. Storing the data or information
b. Processing data into information
c. Analyzing the data or information
d. Gathering data
Analyzing the data or information
The term "bit" is short for ________.
binary digit
A(n) ________ is a specially designed computer that can perform complex calculations extremely fast.
supercomputer
All of the following are names for a flash drive, EXCEPT ________.
a. hard drive
b. thumb drive
c. jump drive
d. USB drive
Hard drive
A ________ sits on your computer monitor or is built into a laptop and is used primarily for transmitting live video.
webcam
After a picture has been taken with a digital camera and processed appropriately, the actual print of the picture is considered ________.
output
________ is the abbreviation for the place in the computer where the programs and data the computer is currently using are stored.
RAM
All of the following are examples of permanent storage, EXCEPT ________.
a. hard disk drive
b. RAM Correct
c. USB drive
d. DVD
RAM
________ are shortcut keys that you press to perform special tasks; each software application has its own set of tasks assigned to these keys.
Function keys
Computers gather data, which means that they allow users to ________ data.
input
A keyboard and mouse are examples of ________ devices.
input
The ________ contains the central electronic components of the computer.
motherboard
A ________ was the first device with touch-screen capabilities.
tablet PC
New technologies pushing the boundaries of printing include ________.
a. 3-D printing
b. inkless printing
c. cloud printing
d. all of the above
All of the above
Computers use the ________ language consisting of 0s and 1s.
Binary
Inkjet printers and laser printers are examples of ________ printers.
nonimpact
The small, touch-sensitive area at the base of the keyboard on a notebook computer is known as a ________.
touch pad
RAM is a ________ storage location.
volatile
Facebook and MySpace are considered to be ________ Web sites.
social networking
All of the following are examples of multimedia, EXCEPT ________.
a. MP3 music files
b. streaming video
c. graphics
d. text
text
A subset of e-commerce that uses social networks to assist in marketing and purchasing products is known as ________.
social commerce
A visual search engine that uses pictures from our smartphone to search the Web for more information is known as ________.
Google Goggles
The browser feature where tabs are independent of each other is known as ________.
tab isolation
Podcasts enable you to ________.
broadcast over the Internet using compressed audio and video files such as MP3s and MP4s
Web 2.0 is classified as the ________.
social Web
A ________ is a personal journal posted on the Web.
blog
The concept of the Internet was developed in response to the ________ War.
Cold
Adobe Reader, Flash Player, and QuickTime Player are all examples of special software programs called ________.
plug-ins
Software that enables you to display and interact with text and other media on the Web is a ________.
Web browser
The World Wide Web was invented by ________.
Tim Berners-Lee at CERN
________ use(s) continuous audio and video feeds.
Webcasts
The unique address for a particular Web site is the ________.
URL
All of the following are tips for professional e-mail etiquette, EXCEPT ________
a. include a meaningful subject line
b. use spell-checker and proofread before sending
c. be concise and to the point
d. use abbreviations such as "u", "r", and "BRB" to keep the e-mail message shorter
use abbreviations such as "u", "r", and "BRB" to keep the e-mail message shorter
The "s" in "https" stands for ________.
secure socket layer
The Internet is ________.
a large network of networks
Which of the following are personal video journal entries posted on the Web?
Vlogs
A list of pages within a Web site that you have visited and that usually appears at the top of a page is referred to as a(n) ________.
breadcrumb trail
Computer-aided design software is used primarily by ________.
engineers to create models
QuickBooks and Peachtree are examples of ________ software.
accounting
The intersection of a row and column in a spreadsheet program is known as a ________.
cell
A ________ is a Microsoft Office feature that walks you through steps to complete a complicated task.
wizard
In a spreadsheet, equations you build yourself using values and cell references are called ________.
formulas
Software refers to a set of instructions that tells the computer what to do. These instruction sets are called ________.
programs
Using applications on smartphones and tablets to buy and sell products is known as ________.
mobile commerce
System software does all of the following, EXCEPT ________.
a. help manage system resources
b. help run the computer
c. coordinate instructions between application software and the computer's hardware devices
d. add graphics and pictures to files
add graphics and pictures to files
Multimedia software includes all of the following, EXCEPT ________.
utility software
The cell address C5 indicates that the cell ________.
is at column C, row 5 of the worksheet
The appropriate software to use for creating research papers is ________.
word processing software
All of the following are examples of educational and reference software EXCEPT ________.
a. EverQuest
b. Trip Planning
c. Genealogy
d. Test Preparation
EverQuest
What is Google's first attempt at a netbook where all applications and files are stored on the Web?
Chromebooks
Every software program has a set of ________ that specify the minimum recommended standards for the operating system, processor, RAM, and hard drive capacity.
system requirements
All of the following are types of multimedia and entertainment software, EXCEPT ________.
productivity software
Adobe Photoshop and Corel PaintShop Photo Pro are examples of ________ software.
image-editing
Software that does "back office" operations and processing functions such as billing, production, inventory management, and human resources management is called ________.
enterprise resource planning software
All of the following are examples of software suites, EXCEPT ________.
a. Apple iWork
b. Apache OpenOffice
c. Microsoft OneNote
d. Microsoft Office 2010
Microsoft OneNote
The general software you use to do tasks at home, school, or work is known as ________ software.
application
All of the following can be used in a Windows file name, EXCEPT ________.
a. $
b. %
c. #
d. *
*
The latest version of the Mac OS X is the ________.
Mountain Lion
For performing common tasks, Windows 8 has special shortcuts called ________.
charms
The basic input/output system is stored on a ________ chip.
ROM
The top three operating systems for personal computers are ________.
Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux
The location of a file is specified by its ________.
file path
All of the following are terms related to part of the boot process, EXCEPT ________.
a. USB
b. BIOS
c. RAM
d. ROM
USB
You can use the Windows ________ to check on a nonresponsive program.
Task Manager
A special numerical code that prioritizes device requests from the operating systems is called ________.
interrupt handler
Which of the following was the first widely used operating system installed in personal computers?
MS-DOS
Windows 8 is the operating system developed by ________.
Microsoft
Which of the following Windows utility programs arranges pieces of files on your hard drive in sequential order?
a. Disk Defragmenter
b. Error-checking
c. Task Manager
d. Disk Cleanup
Disk Defragmenter
Mac OS X includes a backup utility called ________.
Time Machine
Most supercomputers use the ________ operating system.
Linux
The most essential software in your computer system is the ________.
operating system
Errors in computer software are called ________.
bugs
Which of the following is the first step in the boot process?
a. Configuration and customization settings are checked.
b. The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer.
c. The BIOS checks that all devices are in place.
d. The OS is loaded into RAM.
The BIOS is activated by turning on the computer
Which of the following is an open source operating system for personal computers?
a. Windows 8
b. Android 3.0
c. Mountain Lion
d. Linux
Linux
The ________ is(are) the group of programs that controls how your computer functions.
operating system
More than 50% of smartphones use an operating system developed by ________.
Google
The OS enables you to organize the contents of your computer in a hierarchical structure of ________.
directories
XO is the name of the computer provided by the ________ initiative.
One Laptop per Child
If Microsoft Word 2010 is used to create a file, which file extension is added automatically?
.docx
UNIX was developed by Ken Thompson and Dennis Richie who worked at ________.
AT&T's Bell Labs
The ________ of the operating system enables the user to communicate with the computer system.
user interface
Which of the following does NOT occur during the power-on self-test?
a. The video card and video memory are tested.
b. Memory is tested.
c. The OS is moved into RAM.
d. The BIOS is identified.
The OS is moved into RAM.