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A large stone usually connected to early rituals, related to sun and stars, in temples, early history
second part of the Stone Age beginning about 750,00 to 500,000 years BC and lasting until the end of the last ice age about 8,500 years BC
old stone age
Belonging to the period of human culture from about 15,000 years ago to about 7000 BCE characterized by complex stone tools and greater social organization -
latest part of the Stone Age beginning about 10,000 BC in the middle east (but later elsewhere)
memories follows all through life only gods and goddesses can see
when you die it remains on earth and needs dwelling place
(va) part of you that holds your conscience, grows with you, looks like you
when you die it goes up to heaven and weighed aainst feather of truth and granted eternal life
(architecture) a vertical supporting structure (as a portion of wall between two doors or windows)
Columns that are not structural but are free standing, Has a capital, shaft, and base column.
A pyramidal stone; a fetish of the Egyptian god Re., the emblem of the sun; in the shape of pyramid
ancient Egyptian pyramid located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, approximately 40 kilometres south of Cairo, built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu (c. 2600 BC). A unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt, this was the second pyramid built by Sneferu.
Heavy stonework with a surface left rough, or with deeply channelled joints, used principally on Renaissance buildings
Most of the weight is at the bottom - walls get thinner towards the top.
The structure tapers inward, or narrows, toward the top.
The openings (windows & doors) must be small & few. (The round arch & vault allow for bigger openings.)
The roof is lightweight, such as adobe, wood or thatch.
Because the Great Pyramids were plundered so badly by grave robbers, a new type of architecture known as ____ developed during Middle Kingdom in Egypt.
In classical architecture, a colonnade all around the cella and its porch(es). A peripteral colonnade consists of a single row of columns on all sides; a dipteral colonnade has a double row all around
Part of a building rising clear of the roofs and whose walls contain windows for lighting the interior.
A technique of painting on walls covered with moist plaster. It was used to decorate Minoan and Mycenaean palaces and Roman villas, and became an important medium during the Italian Renaissance.
a brick or stone projecting from within a wall, usually to support a weight; an overlapping arrangement of bricks or stones in which each course steps upward and outward from the vertical face of a wall
an arch-like construction method in which masonry courses are corbelled, with each course projecting further out from the course below it, until they meet at the top to span a space or void in a structure
a type of subterranean tomb of the Mycenaean civilization consisting of a domed chamber entered by a passage through a hillside
A temple with a circular plan. Also the burial chamber of a tholos tomb, which resembles a beehive
A passage to a beehive tomb that is often enclosed between stone walls. In ancient Egypt, it was a straight, paved passageway flanked by sphinxes., The corridor-like approach to a Mycenaean tholos tomb entrance.
The large reception hall and throne room in a Mycenean palace, fronted by an open, two-columned porch, Chief or throne room of the palace in Mycenaean Architecture
columns stood directly on the flat pavement (the stylobate) of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with 20 parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam (architrave) that they carried. The Parthenon has the Doric design columns. It was most popular in the Archaic Period (750-480 BC) in mainland Greece.
One of the three main orders of classical Greek architecture, characterized by two opposed volutes in the capital.characterized by the use of volutes. The columns normally stand on a base which separates the shaft of the column from the stylobate or platform; The cap is usually enriched with egg-and-dart.
athens and up
latest of the three principal classical orders of ancient Greek and Roman architecture. characterized by slender fluted columns and elaborate capitals decorated with acanthus leaves and scrolls.The most ornate of the three main orders of classical Greek architecture, characterized by a slender fluted column having an ornate bell-shaped capital decorated with acanthus leaves.
In classical architecture, the slight swelling or bulge in the center of a column, which corrects the illusion of concave tapering produced by parallel or straight lines
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
was part of a festival in honor of Athena known as the Panathenaea that was held every year in acnient Athens. The procession was held on the last day of the festival, and involved the ritual bringing of a new peplos, or cloak, to the ceremonial statue of Athena. Every fourth year, during the Grand Panathenaea, a giant peplos was presented to Athena inside the Parthenon. every other year, the procession culminated with the presentation of a peplos to the Athena statue inside the Erechtheum.
a figure of a man used as a supporting column, (Greek mythology) a Titan who was forced by Zeus to bear the sky on his shoulders
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