Microbiology Unit 2
Terms in this set (96)
The etiology of chickenpox
Most common gastrointestinal protozoan
A protozoan with is sexually transmitted
Etiology of Malaria
The protozoan which causes flask shaped lesions in the intestinal mucosa
Aids patient may get an overwhelming GI infection, but anyone can be infected.
African Sleeping Sickness
This round worm migrates outside the body at night and may be picked up with scotch tape
A tapeworm is
A roundworm which can become embedded in the muscles
Hookworms enter the body by
Penetration through the skin
Ringworm on dogs is commonly caused by
The etiology of of Rosegrowers disease is
The system fungus commonly found in this area of the country is.... it grows in soil and compost piles. It grows well in bird droppings
It used to be called India Ink on CSF to find yeast in the CSF
This yeast is normal flora on the body, but it can overgrow and cause Thrush or other yeast infections
A mold which is found all over and can easily contaminate agar has also been found to cause infection in immunocompormised patients
What is the Etiology of Rabbit Fever (Tularemia)
What is the etiology of diphtheria
What is the etiology of measles
What is the etiology of malaria
What is the etiology of most sore throats
What is the etiology of Thrush
What is the etiology of Strep Throat
What is the etiology of polio
What is the etiology of ringworm
What is the etiology of Lyme Disease
The most common bacterial STD
The etiology of bubonic plague is
The etiology of amoebic dysentry is
The etiology of ringworm is
The etiology of Norwalk diarrhea is
The etiology of Tuberculosis is
The etiology of syphilis is
The etiology of the flu is
An enzyme becomes denatured when
it loses its three dimensional shape
Each type of enzyme is specific and can only react with a very specific substance. Wehn the reaction is over, the enzyme stays the same, but the substance has changed. what is the terminology for the substance which an enzyme works on?
Vitamins and Minerals are used by enzymes as
What happens to human enzymes if the body temperature is 34 degrees celcius
Enzymes work slower
Eukaryotic cells produce energy in the mitochondria of the cell. Why is this not true for bacteria?
Bacteria do not have mitochondria
Cellular respiration is
A method of producing energy using glycolysis, Kreb cycle and electron transport.
A by product of photosynthesis is
Aerobic respiration is used to produce energy in many organisms including animals and bacteria. What are 2 by-products of aerobic respiration?
Carbon dioxide and water
Buffers are added to agar. Buffers are also found in your blood. What is the function of buffers?
Keeps the PH from changing
A aerobic GPR which produces endospores is
The most common gastrointestinal protozoan
A protozoan which is sexually transmitted
Ringworm in dogs
Ringworm in Humans
Systemic Fungus in this area of the country
Systemic Fungus in SW "Valley Fever"
Rose Growers Disease
Opportunistic mold causing infection in immunocompromised people
Yeast which is normal body flora on your body, but can grow over
India Ink Prep is ordered to look for this yeast
A yeast which can cause meningitis
AIDs patient with bad diarrhea
Use scotch tape test
Protozoan diarrhea common world wide- not very severe
protozoan which causes amoebic dysentery
Mycology is the study of
Hyphae or mycellium reported in a specimen is suggestive of infection by
A cytopathic effect reported on a specimen is suggestive of infection by a
What is an Autotroph
Organism that make their own food by photosynthesis
Organisms that cannot make their own food
Organisms that obtain energy by the oxidation of elections
Orgnaisms that produces complex organic compounds from simple substances
Grows best in moderate temperatures not too hot or cold 20-45 degrees celsius 37 optimum tempature
Loves the cold -20-10 degrees Celsius
Does not like oxygen
Does not require oxygen can grow with or without it
A substrate can be acted on ________________ enzymes?
By many different
An enzyme can act on __________ substrates?
Enzymes are _____________ when the end product is created?
Energy production in bacteria takes place in the _________?
Heat and abnormal pH can ___________ enzymes?
Vitamins and minerals function in living organisms as _________?
Plants are autotrophs or heterotrophs
Energy production in the human cell takes place in the _____________?
The most energy is produced by?
Co-factors are nonprotein parts of certain enzymes. 2 things which function as cofactors are?
Minerals and vitamins
In a human cell, where do the Kreb cycle and the electron transport take place?
Matrix of the mitochondria and the inner membrane of the mitochondria
Where does metabolic water come from?
Fat, proteins and carbohydrates
Fungus can cause thrush
Fungus causes valley fever
Indian Ink prep
C. neoformans in immune-compromised people
Gastrointestinal illness caused by parasite