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Civics Constitution, parts
Terms in this set (21)
This Article establishes the Legislative Branch, the Congress.
This Article establishes the Executive Branch, the President.
This Article establishes the Judicial Branch, the Supreme Court.
Division of powers among the local, state, and federal governments
Form of government where qualified voters elect representatives who carry out the work of government and are responsible to the people
Idea that government should be restricted to its basic function of protecting people`s natural rights
Rule of Law
Idea that everyone is subject to the same privileges, responsibilities, and consequences under the law
Idea that government exists by consent of the people, who have the greatest authority in making political decisions
Separation of Powers
Dividing government powers into legislative, executive, and judicial branches
Checks and Balances
Division and balance of powers between the branches of power to prevent any one branch from taking over the others
Changes or additions to the Constitution
Necessary and Proper Clause
Allows Congress to make other laws considered necessary for the welfare of the nation and to carry out its other powers
The beginning or introduction of the Constitution, describing why and by whom the document is being created
Article I Section 8
lists enumerated powers of Congress, plus the necessary and proper clause
handles federalism, relations among states.
Full faith and credit clause (Article IV)
states have to respect contracts, etc. (divorces, marriages, adoptions) made in other states
privileges and immunities clause (Article IV)
states cannot discriminate against people from other states
Outlines the process for amending the Constitution. In almost all cases, the Constitution has been amended by Congress proposing an amendment, and 3/4 of the states ratifying that amendment.
Article VI includes the Supremacy Clause.
Constitution, treaties, and federal law are the supreme law of the land. Article VI.
Fugitive Slave Clause
Provided that slaves who escaped to other states must be returned to their owners
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