13 terms

English Vocabulary Lesson #4 w/out pics

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Terms in this set (...)

accolade
(n.)
an award or privilege granted as a special honor or as an acknowledgment of merit; an expression of praise or admiration

synonym: honor, award, tribute, commendation, praise, kudos
antonym: contempt, shame, dishonor, condemnation
cosmopolitan
(adj.)(n., a ---- person)
familiar with and at ease in many different countries and cultures; having an exciting or glamorous character associated with travel and a mixture of cultures

synonym: worldly, international, cultivated, cultured, sophisticated
antonym: homespun, rustic, unsophisticated, unrefined
haughty
(adj.)
arrogantly superior and disdainful

synonym: supercilious, conceited, snobbish
antonym: humble
imperialism
(n.)
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
lithe
(adj.)
thin, supple, and graceful

(often used to describe a person's body or movements -- a ballet dancer)

synonym: agile, nimble, deft, limber
antonym: clumsy, rigid
martial
(adj.)
of or about war; warlike

synonym: militaristic, combative, bellicose, pugnacious, belligerent, aggressive
antonym: peaceful, pacifistic, civil
mobilization
(n.)
act of preparing and organizing troops for active service (warfront)

act of organizing and encouraging people to act in a particular way in order to bring about a particular objective; act of bringing resources into use in order to achieve a particular goal (homefront)

Can be used to describe people both on the warfront and the homefront -- mobilizing troops or mobilizing volunteers and citizens.

synonym: deployment, incitement
antonym: inaction
nationalism
(n.)
patriotic feelings, principles, or efforts

(often an extreme patriotism to the point of feeling superior to other countries)

synonym: patriotism, jingoism (jingoism = extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or warlike foreign policy)
nigh
(adj.)(adv.)
near (adj. and adv.) or almost (adv.)
parapet
(n.)
a low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony
a protective wall or earth defense along the top of a trench or other place for the concealment of troops

synonym: balustrade, barricade, rampart, bulwark, embankment, bastion
antonym: opening
quaver
(v.)(n.)
verb: shake or tremble in speaking, typically through nervousness or emotion
noun: a shake or tremble in a person's voice

synonym: tremble, waver, quiver
antonym: steady/steadiness, firmness
sardonic
(adj.)
grimly mocking or cynical

synonym: satirical, sarcastic, derisive, caustic
antonym: sincere, kind
sedition
(n.)
conduct or speech inciting people to rebel against the authority of a state or sovereign

synonym: subversion, provocation, insurrection, mutiny, insurgence
antonym: submission, obedience