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E Harry Potter Spells in Latin: Classical Roots*
Terms in this set (17)
Summoning Spell: 'I summon' or 'I fetch'
This spell, used to confuse an opponent, literally means 'I stir up', 'I confuse', or 'I bring an end to by upsetting'. The range of translations reflects the scope of the spell, which can be used either to effect mild or fatal confusion
Unforgivable: 'I torture'
Basic Levitation: First word is a blend of the English 'wing' with a creative adaptation of the Latin comparative of arduus, meaning 'steep.' Second word also requires a stretch of linguistic imagination, being an adaptation of the Latin levo, meaning 'I lift'.
Severing charm: translates to English- 'I split'
Means: 'I wait for a patron' or 'I hope for a patron'. Patron is the closest single-word English translation of the Latin patronus, which more generally means 'an influential person who has undertaken the protection of another' ; 'I await a guardian'
Disarming charm: Combination of Latin expellere, meaning 'to force or drive out', and arma, meaning weapon
Main counter-spell: Finite is a Latin imperative plural of the word 'to end', and incantatum is passive participle of the Latin incanto, meaning to 'having been bewitched'
Unforgivable: There is no Latin verb imperio, although the root imper-, can be seen in Latin words such as imperator (ruler), imperatum (command or instruction), and impero (`I demand'). When used effectively allows the caster to control the target.
Wand-lighting charm: mock-Greek adaptation of the Latin lumen, meaning 'light'
Full body-binding curse: Petrificus is not a Latin word, the Greek borrowing petra means rock. The suffix -ficus, which ascribes a sense of making or becoming to its headword, is very common in Latin. Totalus is an alteration of Latin totalis 'total'.
Sectum- perfect passive participle of the verb seco, meaning 'having been severed'. Sempra- alteration of the Latin semper, meaning 'always' or 'continuously'.
Latin word for night- pretty self explanatory
Bird-summoning charm: Latin word for bird
The Latin word "hominis" means "man," and "revelare" is the verb "to reveal." The spell will literally "reveal humans" if they are hiding nearby.
Causes the users wand to regurgitate ghosts of previous spells: 'A priori' is a Latin phrase meaning 'from the earlier'. 'Incantatem' derived from the Latin 'incantare' meaning 'sing or recite'.
Megaphone charm: Adapted from the Latin word 'sonare' meaning 'sound'.
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