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WMS 8th Grade History: Unit 1: The 13 Colonies
Terms in this set (36)
The system where colonies exist to provide wealth for their mother-countries
Sir Walter Raleigh
An English adventurer and writer,In 1585, Raleigh sponsored the first English colony in America on Roanoke Island in present-day North Carolina. It failed.
investors buy pieces of ownership in a company and share profits and losses
Permission from king to set up a colony
First permanent English settlement in America. Successful because they started growing tobacco
Soldier/Adventure brought order to the the colony of Jamestown
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
House of Burgesses
first form of representative government in America
dispute between western colonists and the governor. Bacon wanted protection from Native Americans. The governor said no. Bacon burned down Jamestown.
A member of the Separatist group that left England in the early 1600s to settle in the Americas.
Left England to start reforming the church.
Thousands of people left England for New World during the 1630's-1640's
Made the puritans mad. Got kicked out for saying things like not every person need to go to church. Fled south. Set up Rhode Island and the first Baptist Church.
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
First constitution in the new world. Gave voting rights to non-church members.
King Phillip's War
A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
Got land and privileges for bringing 50 settlers
Colony set up for quakers. set up by William Penn
Saved Jamestown. Grown in the southern colonies. Required a lot of labor and that means a lot of slaves
Founded Georgia as second chance for debtor and poor farmers.
a colonial region that ran along the Appalachian mountains through the far western part of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. Starts at the Fall Line
a farm that produces enough food for the family with a small additional amount for trade.
the transatlantic system of trade in which goods, including slaves, were exchanged between Africa, England, Europe, the west Indies, and the colonies in North America.
a series of laws passed by parliament, beginning in 1651, to ensure that England made money from its colonies trade.
a crop grown by a farmer to be sold for money rather than for personal use.
a blue dye obtained from plants or made synthetically
a 1739 uprising of slaves in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws.
What was the main reason that the colonies were set up?
The main goal of the English government was to make money.
Many of the first settlers came there because they were in because religious groups seeking religious freedom.
1694- He was the founder of Maryland, a colony which offered religious freedom, and a refuge for the persecuted Roman Catholics.
A colony run by a proprietor, or owner.
A colony under direct control of the king
Act of Toleration
Maryland Law that outlawed religious persecution
a region of flat, low-lying plains along the seacoast. Great for growing rice and tobacco
Duke of York
British troops landed and defeated the Dutch, kicking them out, without much violence. Now called New York
Nickname of the Middle Colonies because they grew some much grain.
The Fall Line
The start of the Backcountry.Where waterfalls form and prevent large ships from going upstream.
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