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Study of structures and surface markings of the face and features.
Cranium consists of:
Face consists of:
Care of deceased to recreate natural form.
The process of chemically treating the dead body to reduce the presence and growth of MO's.
Lack of Symmetry, balance or proportion.
Correspondence in size, shape and relative position of parts on opposite sides.
Side view of human head.
Anterior view of face or features.
What not to conceal
Depressed or hollow surface.
Hypodermic Tissue Filler
Injection of special creams or liquids into the tissues using a syringe.
Substance used to elevate sunken tissues to normal level by hypodermic injection
Rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear.
Electrically heated blade used to dry moist tissues.
Opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain. Restores decapitated cases.
Top part of head.
Small oval depression on the zygomatic process of the temporal bone into which the condyle of the mandible articulates. anterior to external auditory meatus Forms TMJ
Prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone.
Lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forms a cradle for the brain.
Two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull.
Superior surface of the temporal bone.
Widest part of the cranium
Processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; WIDEST PART OF FACE
Zygomatic arch depression
One of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch.
Widest part of neck
From one sternocleidomastiod muscle to the other.
Rounded prominence at the end of bone forming articulation
Most common characteristics of each feature.
Anatomical structures for locating the modeled ear:
Frontal process of Maxilla
Ascending process of upper jaw.
Single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone above the root of the nose.
Four teeth located anteriorly from the midline of each jaw; used for cutting.
Fleshy termination of the nasal septum at the base of the nose.
Inferior border of the mandible.
What is the strongest chewing muscle
Muscles of Mastication
Temporlis and Masseter.
Triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible
Paired bone with several processes that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face.
Anterior third of the cranium; forms the forehead and anterior portion of the roof of the skull.
Depression between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth.
Directly infeior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity.
Optic facial sulci
Muscle that draws the skin of forehead posteriorly.
Muscle of the neck that is attached to the mastoid process of the temporal bone and seperates head to the sternum and clavicle.
Nasal spine of Maxilla
Sharp bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity.
Superior rim of the eye sockets.
Thin layer of muscle covering anterior aspect of neck.
Orbicularis Oris (Puckering Muscle)
Muscle that closes and puckers the lip.
Muscle that draws the scalp posteriorly and inferiorly and raises eyebrows.
Frowning Muscle; pyramid shaped muscle of facial expression which draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially.
Levator Palpebra Superioris
Muscle of facial expression which raises the upper eyelid.
Depressor Labii Inferioris
Muscle of the facial expression which draws the lower lip inferiorly and lateral.
"Trumpeters muscle" ; Principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of the mouth.
Muscle of mastication which help close the mandible. Broad fan shaped. provides bulk to the temporal cavity.
Muscle of the face which draws the superior lip posteriorly and superiorly
Depressor Anguli Oris (triangularis)
Muscle of facial expression which depresses angle of the mouth.
Bone of the nasal cavity between the nasal passages on the median plane; forms the inferior and posterior portion of the septum of the nose.
Horizontal plate that forms the roof of the nasal cavity and closes the anterior part of the base of the cranium
One of the bones forming the posterior part of the hard palate and lateral nasal wall.
Anterior part of the base of the skull; binds cranial bones together.
Levator Labii Superioris Alaque Nasi
Muscle of facial expression which elevated the upper lip and dilates the nostril opening; common elevator.
Muscle of the face which draw the superior lip superiorly and anteriorly.
Double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly.
Muscle which elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin
Narrow superficial band of muscle which pulls the angle of the mouth laterally.
Closes the mandible. provides bulk to side of cheek.
Compresses lacrinal sac; closes eyelid when contracted. Crows feet as well.
Transverse Intercilliary Sulci
Frown marks above glabella
Reverse parentheses lines in cheeks
Vertical Intercilliary Sulci
Vertical wrinkles between the eyes