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16 terms

C 1.1 & 1.2 Cell Structure & Function

Sec 1- Discovering Cells Sec 2- Looking Inside Cells (Microscopes)
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cell
the basic unit of structure and function in living things
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
cell theory
a widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things
organelle
a tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell
cell wall
a rigid layer of nonliving material that surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms
cell membrane
a cell structure that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell
nucleus
a cell structure that contains nucleic acids, the chemical instructions that direct all the cell's activities
cytoplasm
the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus
mitochondria
rod-shaped cell structures that convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out its functions
endoplasmic reticulum
a cell structure that forms a maze of passageways in which proteins and other materials are carried from one part of the cell to another
ribosome
a small grain-like structure in the cytoplams of a cell where proteins are made
Golgi body
a structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials fromt he endoplamsic reticulum, packages them, and distributes them to other parts of the cell
chloroplast
a structure in the cells of plants and some other organisms that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food
vacuole
a sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area
lysosome
a small round cell structure containing chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones
"For by Him all things were created ... All things were created through Him and for Him ... And in Him all things exist."
Col 1:16-17