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10 terms

Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
cognate
a. a word that looks like and is related to another word in a different language. b. having the same source, origin, or ancestor. c. similar in function and character
inflection
al alteration of pitch or tone of voice.b. the addition of an affix to a word, or a change in the form of a word, to show the plural, tense, or another grammatical relationship
orthography
the study of the letters and spelling system of a language
paradigm
a. the set of inflected forms of a word. b. a model or framework that sets forth a way of viewing things, especially in an intellectual discipline
philology
the study of the history of language
phonology
the sound system of a language; the study of such a sound system
rejoinder
an often witty or critical response to a reply; an answer
rhetoric
a. the study and art of using language effectively and persuasively. b. speech that is elaborate, pretentious or insincere
succinct
clear and precise
syntax
the arrangement of words to form grammatical sentences.