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History Honors 8th grade Exam-3rd Quarter

Terms in this set (22)

In 1863, two companies began a race to build the first transcontinental railroad (it stretches from coast to coast across the whole continent)

Union Pacific started in building the rail line westward from Omaha, Nebraska.

The Central Pacific Railroad began in Sacramento California and built eastward direction.

The government encouraged this by giving out subsidies (financial aid and land grants). Congress lent them money and gave them land. For every mile of track, the companies received 20 sections of land and 40 sections in the territories. The gov't ignored the Indians living on the land.

Labor was scarce during the Civil War. The work was also dangerous, hard and the pay was low.
The companies brought in immigrants from China and Ireland who accepted the low wages. African Americans and Mexican Americans also worked on the railroads.

Through forests, deserts and mountains (blasting to make tunnels).

Completed in May 10 1869
in Promontory, Utah. Solid gold spike to join in ceremony

The RR brought economic growth and new settlements all across the West. Large towns and cities grew where the RR met.

Ability to move raw materials ad and finished goods quickly and cheaply.
Increased the American marketplace and fueled even more factory production

Major impact in the urbanization of the USA

Western terretories began to apply for statehood. Such as Nevada, Colorado, North Dakota, South Dakota, Washington, Montana, Idaho, Wyoming

It showed the benefits of the US free enterprise system. Private investors building and investing in the country. The owners of the RR made money. The employees benefited with employment and the citizens of the towns near the RR experience economic activity and growth.

Ultimately, the RR benefited the country as a whole.