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48 terms

Art History Packet 2 Vocabulary

STUDY
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Labyrinth
"Labrys" means "double ax" (recurring motif in the place referring to sacrificial slaughter; intricate plan and scores of rooms of the Knossos palace
Zoomorphic
attribution of animal characteristics or qualities to a god, use o animal forms in symbolism, literature
Stoas
covered colonnades, porch, meeting place
Barbotine decoration
a paste of clay used in decorating coarse pottery in relief
corbel
a projecting wall member used as a support for some element in the superstructure, also, courses of stone or brick in which each course projects beyond the one beneath it, two such walls, meeting at the topmost course, create a corbelled arch or corbelled vault
Tholos
beehive shaped tombs covered by enormous earthen mounds
Dromos
long passageway (into the tholos)
Repousse
formed in relief by bearing a metal plate from the back, leaving the impression on the face. The metal is hammered into a hollow mold of wood or some other pliable material and finished with a graver (an incising tool)
Amphora
a two handled jar used for general storage purposes, usually to hold wine or oil
Krater
bowl for mixing wine and water
Symposium
a convivial (social) meeting for drinking music, and intellectual discussion among the ancient Greeks
Kouros
youth
Kore
a sculpture representing a standing young woman clothed in long robes, also daughter of Zeus
Encaustic
painter mixed the pigment with wax and applied it to the statue while hot
Acropolis
high city
Stylobate
the immediate foundation of a row of classical columns
Pediment
in classical architecture, the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade (a series or row of columns) usually spanned by lintels (a beam used to span an opening)
Entablature
the part of a building above the columns and below the roof, classical temple, has three parts: architrave or epistyle (the lintel or lowest division of the entablature)
Frieze
between the architrave and the cornice, any sculptured or painted band in a building and pediment
Naos
cella, a room with no windows that usually housed the cult statue of the deity
Pronaos
the space, or porch, in front of the cella, or naos, of an ancient Greek temple
Peristyle
external colonnade on all four sides
Doric order
massive in appearnce, sturdy columns firmly planted on the stylobate
Golden Mean
divine ratio (1.618) the proportional relation between two divisions o the line or two dimension of a plane/figure such that smaller is the larger as the larger is to the sum of the two, A + B = 1.618
Metope
the panel between the triglyphs (a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes) in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
Cornice
the projecting, crowning member of the entablature framing the pediment; also any crowning projection
Entasis
the convex profile (an apparent swelling) in the shaft of a column
Black-figure technique
painter first put down black silhouettes on the clay surface, then used a sharp pointed instrument to incise linear details within the forms, usually adding highlights over the black figures before firing the vessel
Ceramics
the art of making the decorating pottery
slip
liquefied clay, glue for clay
Red-figure technique
instead of using the glaze to create the silhouettes of figures, the painter outlined the figures and the colored the background black, the artist could vary the glaze thickness there by expanding the chromatic range
Firing
to bake ceramics in a kiln (brick lined oven), high temperatures (~2000 degrees)
Oxidation
the combination of a substance (clay) with oxygen in the firing process
Bilingual vase
experimental vases with the same composition painted on both sides, once in black-figure and once in red-figure
Contrapposto
the disposition o the human figure in which one part is turned in opposition to another, creating a counter positioning of the body about its central axis. Sometimes called "weight shift" creating tension on one side and relation on the other, separates classical from archaic greek statuary
Cire perdue
hollow-cast statues lost wax method, several steps, repeated many times, monumental statues cast in parts
Ionic order
characterized by among by volutes (a spiral, scroll like form), capitals, columns with bases, uninterrupted frieze, base
Sophrosyne
refers to the avoidance of excess in daily life
Hubris
common theme in Greek tragedies and mythology, individuals "tragic flaw" usually thinking they were equal or greater than the gods, subsequently being punished, overbearing pride or presumption
Caryatid
a sculptured female figure serving as an ornamental support in place of a column or pilaster
Orchestra
a semicircular space in front of the stage used by the chorus, dancing place
Theatron
place for seeing, where spectators sat on a slope overlooking the orchestra
Corinthian column
more ornate, Kallimachos invented, all four sides are similar in appearance, it does not need to be modified, ionic frieze is used here thus architects do not have to contend with metopes or triglypths
Pebble mosaics
the floors are formed of small stones of various colors collected from beaches and riverbanks and set into think coat of cement
Tesserae
tine stones of pieces of glass cute to the desired size and shape (instead of pebbles)
Hellenistic art
violent movement, swirling draperies, and vivid depictions of death and suffering are the norm, emotional intensity, baroque (absurd/grotesque), overtly sexual
Gigantomachy
battle between gods and giants
Pathos
a quality, as of an experience or a work of art that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow