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WHI.9 Early Middle Ages
Terms in this set (41)
Any member of an invading group to western Europe from the Germanic region
It is to be focused on worldly or non religious things
It is a religious community where Christians, called monks, gave up their possessions and devoted their lives to serving God.
It is people who travel in an effort to spread their faith
His name means Charles the Great. He was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 AD by the Pope at Christmas mass. He conquered most of Europe and also promoted education for the masses.
It is a social and political system in which obligations are made to serve and provide for the class above you in exchange for military protection.
It is a land grant under the feudal system.
A person who receives or accepts a land grant/fief
A peasant in the feudal system who is tied to the land, meaning they can never leave. They were never property, bought, or sold and therefore were not slaves.
King governed and gave land to the nobles. The nobles governed their own fiefs and paid homage to the King. The knights protected the peasants and the nobles. The peasants tended the land and made sure everyone had food.
It is the economic system by which a lord allowed serfs to farm land on his estate in return for food or other payment.
One of two Germanic tribes from the United Kingdom. They resided in the southern part of England.
One of two Germanic tribes from the United Kingdom. They resided in the northern part of the island
A Germanic tribe from Scandinavia who invaded much of inland Europe due to their success with a long boat which allowed them to navigate seas and shallow rivers. They were famous for attacking monasteries.
A Germanic tribe from Hungary that invaded western Europe.
A bishop remembered for his work in Ireland. He taught people about the Holy Trinity using a shamrock .
First important ruler of the Merovingian Dynasty and is considered the founder of the French State; he defeated the last great Roman army in Gaul and went on to form the first Frankish Kingdom.
In the sixth century, wrote a set of rules to guide a community of monks he founded. The community became the model for monasticism in the Catholic Church and the Benedictine rule came to be used by other monastic groups.
Sister of Benedict; adapted his Rule for nuns
Pope Gregory I
Broadened the authority of the papacy, or pope's office, beyond spiritual role; papacy became secular power involved in politics
A series of Frankish rulers lasting from 751 to 987: Charles Martel, Pepin the Short, Charlemagne, Louis the Pious, Lothair & Louis the German & Charles the Bald
family that ruled the Franks from the 500s to the 700s; The kingdom of Clovis and Charles Martel spread Christianity throughout France and expanded its territories
Germanic people who lived and held power in Gaul. First leader was Clovis; by 511 they had united into one kingdom and they controlled the largest and strongest parts of Europe.
Carolingian monarch of Franks; responsible for defeating Muslims in battle of Tours in 732; ended Muslim threat to western Europe.
Pepin the Short
He was Charles Martel's son. He defeated the Lombards and gave their land to the Pope. This territory became the Papal States
Eric The Red
Discovered Greenland while banished from his country; named it Greenland to entice colonists to settle
A Norse (Viking) Explorer who discovered Newfoundland and was possibly the first European to travel to North America.; father was Eric the Red
Another name for the Middle Ages.
400-900. the cultural decline after the fall of Rome. little records or evidence of time period; also known as the Early Middle Ages
The superior (leader) in a community of monks.
A man who has taken a solemn vow to devote his life to prayer and service in a monastery
Christian-dominated Western Europe of the Middle Ages
A mounted warrior, who served to protect his lord and king in exchange for land; followed a strict Code of Chivalry
A medieval European term for middle level nobility. It is the equivalent to an Earl in England
Agents of Emperor Charlemagne who traveled throughout the empire to check the condition of the roads, listen to grievances, and see that justice was done
Treaty of Verdun
treaty that divided up the empire of Charlemagne after his death
landowner who protected vassal, granted fiefs, defended honor of vassals family, guaranteed the vassal justice in court
The appointment of bishops and abbots by secular rulers, often in exchange for temporal protection
A body of church officials who perform religious services
Age of Faith
Another name for the Early Middle Ages due to the fact that the Church was the dominant force throughout Europe
the name of a Viking longboat
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