Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 3 Study guide
Terms in this set (22)
one of the pair of chromosomes that determine the sex of an individual
One set of instructions for an inherited trait
one of the alternative forms of a gene that governs a characteristic, such as hair color
In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that forms two new nuclei each of which has the sam number of chromosomes
A process in cell division during which the number of chromosomes decreases to half the original number by two divisions of the nucleus, which results in protection of sex cells
A diagram that shows the occurrence of a genetic trait in several generations of a family.
Chromosomes that have the same sequence of genes and the same structure
a plant that has both male and female reproductive parts and can fertilize itself
traits do not blend together, but each allele has its own degree of influence
An organism's appearance or other detectable characteristic
a chart that shows all the possible genotypes that can result from a genetic cross
An organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
An organism that has two different alleles for a trait
a reproductive process in which pollen from one plant is transferred to the stigma of another plant
The likelihood that a particular event will occur in any given instance of time.
The entire genetic makeup of an organism; also the combination of genes for one or more specific traits
asexual and sexual
Asexual only needs a parent and sexual needs two parents
What sex chromosomes do females and males have?
Female: XX Male: XY
Difference between mitosis and meiosis
Mitosis doubles and Meiosis divides by two
First and Second generation
In the first generation he made the flowers cross pollinate and got all purple flowers and in the second he let the plants self pollinate and got 1 white flower for every 4 flowers
a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person
The difference between Mendel's first and second experiments
THE FIRST EXPERIMENT used plant that were true breeding, one trait was always present on the first generation (Dominant Trait) and the other trait seemed to disappear (recessive trait) THE SECOND EXPERIMENT allowed the first generation plants from his first experiments to self pollinate.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Mendel and His Peas
Chapter 4 Vocabulary
Holt Science and Technology Life Science Chapter 5…
Science Vocab quiz (genetics/heredity)
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Chapter 1 section 2