14 terms

Rule of Law

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14th Amendment
Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution defines citizenship, grants citizenship to former slaves and defines voters as males at least 21 years of age?
Bill of Rights
__________ - the first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution.
Checks and balances
__________ - a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches.
Citizen
__________ - a legal member of a state and/or country.
Impartial juries
__________ - a group of citizens sworn to give a fair verdict according to the evidence presented in a court of law.
Petition
__________ - a formal written request made to a person in authority, a leader, and/or an elected official.
Rule of law
__________ - the idea that those who govern must follow the laws; no one is above the law.
Separation of powers
__________ - the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own specific powers and responsibilities.
6th Amendment
__________ - an amendment to the Constitution that provides protections and rights to a person accused of a crime, including the right to a speedy trial with an impartial jury.
Monarchy
__________ - a form of government headed by a king or queen who inherits the position, rules for life, and holds power that can range anywhere between limited to absolute.
4th Amendment
__________ - an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that provides freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures; this amendment also states that warrants must only be issued with probable cause (evidence that gives someone a reason to think that a crime has been or is being committed).
5th Amendment
Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution bans double jeopardy (can't be tried twice for the same charge) and compelled self incrimination, and also includes the right of due process?
8th Amendment
__________ - an amendment to the U.S. Constitution that provides freedom from excessive bail or fines and freedom from cruel or unusual punishment for a person accused of a crime.
Independent judiciary
__________ - the principle that decisions from the courts are fair and impartial and are not influenced by the other branches of government.