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Rubenstein Ch. 4 and Ch. 5 BOLD TERMS and LANGUAGE BRANCHES
The vocab. (bold terms) of Ch. 4 and Ch. 5, and the language branch locations listed in Ch. 5.
Terms in this set (36)
A repetitive act that a particular INDIVIDUAL performs.
A repetitive act of a GROUP, to the extent that it becomes a characteristic of the group.
Traditionally practiced primarily by small, HOMOGENOUS groups living in isolated RURAL areas and may include a custom.
Popular (pop) culture
Found in large, HETEROGENOUS societies that share certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
A system of communication through speech, a collection of sounds that a group of people understands to have the same meaning.
A system of written communication.
The language used by the government for laws, reports, and public objects (such as road signs, money, and stamps).
A regional variety of a language distinguished by distinctive vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
A dialect that is well establish and widely recognized as the most acceptable for government, business, education, and mass communication.
British Recieved Pronunciation (BRP)
One particular dialect of English, the one associated with upper-class Britons living in the Londong area, is recognized in much of the English-speaking world as the standard form of British speech.
A word-usage boundary.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestral language that existed long BEFORE RECORDED HISTORY.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestral langueage that existed SEVERAL THOUSAND YEARS AGO.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively RECENT PAST and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
Creole (creolized language)
A language that results from the mixing of the colonizer's language with the indigenous language of the people being dominated.
Characters that represent ideas or concepts, not specific pronunciations.
Languages that were once in use, even in the recent past, but no longer spoken or read in daily activities by anyone in the world.
A language unrealted to any other and therefore not attached to any language family.
A language of international communication.
A simplified form of a lingua franca.
Distinctive dialect of many African Americans; the word is a combination of "ebony" and "phonics".
The widespread use of English in the French language; the word is a combination of "français" and "anglais", which is French for "French" and "English".
The diffusion of English in the Spanish language; the word is a combination of "Spanish" and "English".
Largest language branch, covering: North America, South America, Northern India, Western Europe, Southern Russia, Australia, and South Africa (the country).
Language branch that covers: Northern Africa, and South West Asia (the Middle East).
Language branch that covers: Central Africa (below Afro-Asiatic)
Language branch that covers: Western and Central Africa (below Nilo-Saharan)
Language branch that covers: Central Africa (above Nilo-Saharan)
Uralic and Altaic
Language branch that covers: Southern Europe (Turkey), Northern Europe, Northern Russia, Central Asia, and Western Asia.
Language branch that covers: Eastern Asia (China, North Korea, South Korea, Myanmar)
Language branch that covers: South Eastern Asia (Vietnam, Cambodia)
Language branch that covers: Madagascar, Southern Asian Islands (Phillippines, Western Indonesia), Pacific Islands.
Language branch that covers: Southern India.
Language branch that covers: Central South America (Western Brazil, Paraguay)
Language branch that covers: Southern Asia (Thailand, Central Phillippines and Malaysia), Greenland and Iceland.
Other Language Branches
Very minor language branches that cover: Northern Canada, North Eastern Asia (North Eastern Russia), and Eastern Asia (Japan and Eastern Indonesia)
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