Social Studies Ch.7
Terms in this set (48)
What was the name of the Israelites and Jews between 2000 and 1500 BC?
What is the name of the Jewish religon?
Who do the Hebrews trace their faith back to?
Who did God promise to lead into a new land and make his descendants into a mighty nation?
What happened before Abraham left Mesopotamia?
God spoke to him
Who did God tell to lead the Israelites out of Egypt?
Why did the pharaoh agree to free the Israelites?
Because the plagues frightened him
What is the journey out of egypt called?
What was the code of law given to Moses on 2 stone tablets?
Who threatened the Israelites around 1,000 BC?
Who was the first king of Israel?
Who became king after Saul died?
What became the capital of Israel?
What king built the first temple in Jerusalem?
Who controlled the Israelites around 580 BC and destroyed the temple?
Where did the Chaldeans force the Israelites to live as slaves?
Who conquered the Chaldeans and allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem?
What was the dispersal of Jews outside of Israel and Judah?
Even though the Jews were allowed to return to Jerusalem who controlled them?
What Jewish family lead a successful revolt in the 160s BC?
Who conquered the Jews in 63 BC and controlled them for many years?
What examples show that Jewish women had few rights?
Had to obey fathers and husbands
Could not inherit property unless they had no brothers
What Old Testament story shows us an example of how people should treat their family members?
What is the belief in one god called?
What are the most important Jewish laws?
The Ten Commandments
What is the other important system of Jewish laws called ?
When is the Jewish Sabbath?
Sundown on Friday to Sundown on Saturday
What kind of Jews strictly follow Mosiac Law?
What kind of Jew follow few of the Mosiac Laws?
What kind of Jews fall between Orthodox and Reform?
What holy book contains the first 5 books of the Old Testament and is the most sacred text of Judaism ?
What is a Jewish house of worship?
What is the Hebrew Bible called?
What is a set of commentaries for everyday life that includes stories and folklore?
What is the writings by Jews who lived 2,000 years ago and explain ancient Jewish beliefs?
Dead Sea Scrolls
How were the Dead Sea Scrolls found?
One of the boys went into a cave looking for a goat
What effect did Judaism have in different cultures?
Helped shape Western culture
How did Judaism influence Islam?
The first people to follow Islam believed they were descendants of Abraham.
What was the name of the rebellious Jewish group of Israel, around 50 AD who thought Jew should not answer to anyone but god?
Why did most Jews lose their will to fight and was responsible for ending the first Jewish revolt against the romans?
Destruction of the second temple
What was the name of the mountain fortress where approximately Zealots locked themselves
How did the Masada event come to an end?
Romans broke through the walls and the Zealots took their own lives
Who are Jewish teachers who interpret the Torah?
Since the Jews spread out to different parts of the world, they developed their own language, rituals, and cultures. What 2 cultural traditions developed and still exist today?
Ashkenazim and Sephardim
What is the language of the Ashkenazim and it is similar to German but wrote in Hebrew?
What Jewish tradition honors the rededication of the Second Temple during the revolt of the Maccabees?
What Jewish tradition is in memory of the exodus?
What are the 2 most sacred Jewish holy days, sometimes called the High Holy Days?
Rosh Hashanakah - beginning of the Jewish new year
Yom Kipkur - day to ask god for forgiveness (holiest day of the year)