Ecology Vocabulary

Ecology
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Terms in this set (...)

abotic factor
Something that not living and has never been alive.
Autotroph
Living thing that makes its own food using sunlight.
biological magnification
Chemicals going through a food chain.
Biomass
Living mass in a tropic level.
Biome
A large area that has the same climate and communities.
Biosphere
Part of the earth that supports life.
Biotic factor
Living thing in an ecosystem.
Carnivore
Organism that eats meat.
carrying capacity
Maximum number of living things an environment can support.
Chemoautotroph
Makes it own food using chemicals.
Commensalism
Relationship where one organism benefits, and the other doesn't care.
Community
All the populations of an ecosystem.
Competition
A relationship in which organism fight for what they need to survive.
Consumer (Heterotroph)
An organism that gets its energy from eating other organisms.
Decomposer
Gets energy by eating dead things.
Detrivore
Gets energy from waste of other organisms.
Ecological pyramid
Shows the amount of energy and mass in a food chain.
Ecology
Study of organisms in their environment.
Ecosystem
All living and non-living thing in an environment.
Food chain
Feeding relationships and energy transfer.
Food web
A group of food chains.
Habitat
The are where an organisms lives
Herbivore
Eats only plants
Heterotroph
Consumer that eats other organisms
Limiting factor
Prevents the growth of a population
Mutualism
Both members benefit
Niche
The role an organism plays in its environment
Omnivore
Eats both plants and animals
Parasitism
One member benefits the other is harmed
Population
Members of the same species that live in the same area
Predation
One organism eats ad kills the other
Primary consumer
The first consumer in a food chain
Producer
Organism that makes its own food using solar energy
secondary consumer
The second consumer in a food chain
Species
Organisms that make babies, that can have babies.
Symbiosis
A relationship in which two species live closely together
tertiary consumer
The third consumer in a food chain
Trophic level
A level in a food chain
Tolerence
Ability to survive in harsh conditions
Variation
Difference in organisms
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