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Lecture 7 - American History, Thompson
Terms in this set (15)
Had early advantages - large army, navy, money, mercenaries, Hessians
Had little, only state militias, bad uniforms and shoes, poorly paid soldiers, short supply of weapons
Obstacles to British victory
Travel, inability to penetrate the land, animal driven vehicles, had to conquer a vast area
Revolutionary War - Phase 1
Colonists respond with "Shock and Awe", show of military force, outpouring of colonial enlistments, "Rage Militaire"
Passion for arms and war that characterized the colonists against the British
Wrote "Common Sense" the first pamphlet to call for American Independence.
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776 - Declared American independence and outlined grievances against King George III.
Revolutionary War - Phase 2
Britain seizes New York, colonists strategically retreat, keep the army together. December 1776 is low point for army. Washington crosses the Delaware to seize Trenton, NJ. Princeton Jan. 3.
Revolutionary War - Phase 3
Britain fails to "bag the fox", George Washington. Brits capture Philadelphia, many important battles
Battle of Saratoga
Major turning point of the war giving decisive victory to the Americans. First major win and convinces France to join the Americans. This makes the colonial rebellion international.
Revolutionary War - Phase 4
Southern campaign. Britain hopes loyalists in the south will come to their aid. Britain wins many battles.
Colonists loyal to Britain who came from every colony and social class. 20 - 25 percent of colonists were loyalists.
Battle of Yorktown 1781
British General Cornwallis' army surrenders to George Washington. America wins with help from the French navy.
Treaty of Paris 1783
Ended the Revolutionary War. Signed by Britain, Spain, France, and America. Affirmed the United States as an independent nation.
How America Won
French alliance, American generals, American soldiers - dual army tradition, British failings - relied on loyalists when being defeated.
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