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New Testament Exam 2
Terms in this set (55)
Examples of the kingdom of God being "upside down"
-To become a leader, be a servant (Matt)
- To truly find life, lay down yours (Matt)
-To get back at your enemy, love him (Matt)
-To become rich, give money away (Luke)
Source for common sayings of God
Four-source theory (Streeter)
An explanation for the relationship between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke.
-Matthew used Mark, Q, and M
-Luke used Mark, Q, and L
The problem of accounting for the similarities and differences among the three synoptic gospels. The differences are due to whom the gospel is written to and what would have been meaning full for the readers.
Include Matthew, Mark & Luke. Can be "seen together," very similar in style & content.
Greco-Roman bibliographies displaying characteristics of the gospels
School or Hillel
Reads in between the lines and work around the rules
School of Shammai
Very stick with the law of God
Nag Hammadi library
Texts relevant to the early Christian church discovered in 1945. These 12 codices are important for the study of early Christianity. The Gospel of Thomas and similars are found here.
The Gospel of Thomas
-Parallels to the synoptic Gospels, but more brief
Infancy Gospel of Thomas
non-canonical Gospel account that describes Jesus between 5-12.
Antioch (Jewish Christians)
The Messiah; The "New Moses"
Beatitudes (Honor attributes in Matthew)
Meant for an average person
-"Pure in heart"
-"Children of God"
-"Hunger and thirst for righteousness"
Woes (Shame accusations in Matthew)
Meant for religious leaders
-"Son on Gehenna"
-"On the outside looks righteous"
Where is the Sermon on the Mount found?
What is the sermon on the mount?
A collection of sayings and teachings of Jesus, which emphasizes his moral teaching found in the Gospel of Matthew
Vineyard parable (Matt. 20:1-16
Some workers started the job early in the morning and some were hired later in the day, but they both received the same pay.
Translation for Jewish Christians, it doesn't matter when a person accept Jesus, as long as he/she does.
Peter notes this is important. Jesus picks what is known as the gates of hell to say "I AM"
Unique literary features of Matthew
-Semitic writing (author probably spoke Hebrew or Aramaic)
-A gospel for all the nations (the Maji are in Jesus' birth story)
What is revolutionary about the end of Matt, Matt 28:19-20
"And remember, I am with you always, to the end of the age"
Revolutionary because He is not confined to a region or temple, He will follow His followers wherever they go.
The suffering King
Literary features of Mark
-Immediately was a common word
-Emphasized Jesus as a teacher
Ends in verse 8, but was added to after the other gospels were written
Widow's Mite in Mark
A widowed woman gives all she has, 2 coins, to the temple
Why does Jesus say religious leaders eat houses?
The religious leaders are only supposed to eat from the temple and what is left is to go to the poor. However, the religious leaders are taking the poor or widows money, which will lead to them losing their home.
Why does Jesus say "whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God as a child, will not receive it at all"?
A child is not perfect, but they are unassuming and would drop anything to follow Jesus.
What does Jesus say about the Young Rich ruler in Mark
He was asked to leave his life and follow Jesus, but the man came up with excuses as to what he needed to do before he left and so on.
Mark was the first-written of the three synoptic Gospels and was used as a source by the other two.
often translated as blessed or better known as honorable
God of the underdog
Unique literary features of Luke
-Frequently used "it is necessary) to convey the thought of a divine necessity in Jesus' ministry
-The plan of God (FATE)
Tearing of the curtain/veil in Temple
When Jesus died, the holy curtain in the temple tore from top to bottom. Romans believed this was a sign.
-People can now enter into the presence of God not just the priests
Luke's story of Mary and Martha
Mary sits at Jesus' feet to listen to Him.
-A group was present, mostly men
-Women were responsible for preparing a meal
-Martha was most likely embarrassed or uncomfortable with Mary acting out of character
Sermon on the Plain (Luke)
The sermon on the mount and the sermon on the plain are written to different audiences
Circular letter Asia Minor (turkey)
What is unique about John's Gospel?
-7 "I AM" passages and 7 Sings
-Jesus is crucified on the day before Passover
-Did not have typical gospel stories
7 "I AM"
-Bread of Life
-Light of the world
-The door of the sheep
-Resurrection and the Life
-They way, the truth, the life
-Wedding at Cana
-Healing of the Offical's son
-Healing at Bethsaida
-Healing man born blind
-Jesus walks on the water
What does it mean when John says "the Word became flesh"
Outline of John
a) Book of Signs - 3 years
b) Book of Glory - 24 hours
Christological declarations in John
1) The preexistence of Christ (Jesus was before all things)
2) The designation of Christ as Logos
The significance of Jesus washing the feet of his disciples
This would be shocking to the disciples because it is extreme for someone so hight to wash feet
-Teaching others to lower themselves
The first quest
19th century. Various efforts to write "lives" of Jesus as a great religious personality
The second quest
The 1950s and 1960s. A brief resurgence of interest; focus on the personal relevance of Jesus teaching
The third quest
Began in the 1980s. Jesus in His social context (Jewish context)
The fourth quest
Deals with the death of Jesus
What is the question asked by historians?
Are these sources reliable for reconstructing what Jesus actually said and did?
Main questions asked by historians in historical Jesus research?
1)What sources are historically reliable?
2)What sources contain theologically motivated accounts?
What are the available sources for historical Jesus research?
-The early Christian Gospels
-Other surviving ancient Christain/non-Christian writings
What is the criteria used to determine if a text is authentic?
Coherence: a source independently attested by multiple sources
Dissimilarity: a source at odds with the agenda of the early Christians
Contextuality: a source that lines up with the first-century context
Aramaism: source or saying that makes more sense translated in Aramaic than Greek
Embarrassment: Source that causes embrassment in part for the autors of that source
Who is the historical Jesus?
Historical accounts from valid sources about Jesus when He was in the flesh
The Synagogue Seat in Chorazin
Chorazin was one of the main palces Juses performed his miracles
Sepphoris and Roman Roads
These are the roads Jesus traveled on and the roads many battles were fought on
Jesus Boat in Kitbutz Ginosar
The boat was used in the first century by Jesus and his disciples to teach the people the word of God
The Pilate Inscription
The Pilate Inscription provides evidence that Pontius Pilate was the governor of Judea when Tiberius Caesar was emperor
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