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Arts and Humanities
Introducing the New Testament, 2nd ed. (ch. 12): Paul
Terms in this set (26)
a meeting of leaders in the early church to discuss acceptance of gentiles into the new faith community (Acts 15); also called "Jerusalem council."
a surgical procedure that removes the foreskin of a penis; in the Jewish tradition, the rite is viewed as a sign of the covenant that God had made with Israel.
collection for Jerusalem
a fundraising effort conducted by the apostle Paul among gentile believers on behalf of Jewish believers in Jerusalem (see Acts 11:29-30; 24:17; Rom. 15:25-27; 1 Cor. 16:1-4; 2 Cor. 8-9; Gal. 2:10).
disputed letters of Paul
the six letters ascribed to Paul that many New Testament scholars believe to be pseudepigraphic: Ephesians, Colossians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy, 2 Timothy, Titus; also called the "deutero-Pauline letters."
from a Greek word meaning "thanksgiving"; the ritual meal observed by Christians in a manner that commemorates Jesus's last supper with his disciples; also called "Lord's Supper" and "Holy Communion."
a cleansing or removal of defilement, used in discussions of atonement to describe the effects of Christ's death as covering or removing human sin.
an understanding of God's saving activity according to which, through Christ, people share in the glory of God (Rom. 8:18, 21, 30; 1 Thess. 2:12).
the quality of consciously seeking what is best for others rather than what is best for oneself.
a final Passover meal that Jesus ate with his disciples on the night he was arrested; the context that gave rise to Christian celebrations of the Lord's Supper (Eucharist, Holy Communion).
"the law of Moses" or any regulations the Jewish people understood as delineating faithfulness to God in terms of the covenant God had made with Israel.
the ritual meal observed by Christians in a manner that commemorates Jesus's last supper with his disciples; also called "Eucharist" and "Holy Communion."
an understanding of God's saving activity according to which, through Christ, people are given a new life in a new age that has already begun (see 2 Cor. 5:17; Gal. 2:20; 6:15).
new perspective on Paul
an academic position that maintains that the point of Paul's emphasis on "justification by grace apart from works of the laws" was to claim that people are put right with God through divine grace rather than by observing the legal codes that marked Israel as God's chosen people.
one of the major Jewish groups active during the Second Temple period; the Pharisees were largely associated with synagogues and placed high value on faithfulness to Torah; most rabbis and many scribes were Pharisees.
Prison Letters (Epistles)
the five letters attributed to Paul that are said to have been written from prison: Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 2 Timothy, Philemon. Also called "Captivity Letters (Epistles)."
a governor appointed by the Roman senate to administer a province for one year.
an understanding of God's saving activity according to which, through Christ, people are placed in a right relationship with God and one another (Rom. 5:10-11; 2 Cor. 5:18-19).
a theological term derived from commerce (where it means "purchase" or "buying back"); associated with the concept that human salvation was costly to God, requiring the death of Jesus.
in theology, the disclosure (usually by God) of things that could not be known otherwise.
an act of God through which human beings are delivered from the power and consequences of sin.
the act or process of being made holy or sinless.
in Pauline studies, the notion that the apostle was released from captivity in Rome and went on to do things not reported in the New Testament before being recaptured and executed later than has traditionally been thought.
in the New Testament, often a term for miracles, because they demonstrate a manifestation of supernatural power and sometimes reveal some truth about God; used especially in the Gospel of John.
signs and wonders
spectacular acts (miracles) performed by people who access either divine or demonic supernatural power.
an understanding of God's saving activity according to which, through Christ, people are changed so that they evince or embody the image of God (Rom. 12:2; 2 Cor. 3:18).
the seven letters ascribed to Paul that almost all New Testament scholars affirm were actually written by him: Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians, Philemon.
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