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the industrial revolution

Terms in this set (50)

intro- duced the world to a radical type of socialism called Marxism; outlined their ideas in a 23-page pamphlet called The Communist Manifesto; argued that human societies have always been divided into warring classes. In their own time, these were the middle class "haves" or employers, called the bourgeoisie, and the "have-nots" or workers, called the proletariat. While the wealthy controlled the means of producing goods, the poor performed backbreaking labor under terrible conditions; The two writers predicted that the workers would overthrow the owners; believed that the capitalist system, which produced the Industrial Revolution, would eventually destroy itself in the following way. Factories would drive small artisans out of business, leaving a small number of manufacturers to control all the wealth. The large proletariat would revolt, seize the factories and mills from the capitalists, and produce what society needed. Workers, sharing in the profits, would bring about economic equality for all people. The workers would control the government in a "dictatorship of the proletariat." After a period of cooperative living and education, the state or government would wither away as a classless society developed; described communism as a form of complete socialism in which the means of production—all land, mines, factories, railroads, and businesses—would be owned by the people. Private prop- erty would in effect cease to exist. All goods and services would be shared equally; predicted, mostly because of the various reforms enacted by governments.