28 terms

unit 6 intro quiz for Holden

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

oral tradition
story tellers told younger generations of tales and lore of their culture
Theme (4 things to know)
1.)insights about life and human nature
2.)is developed by using narrative elements such as setting and plot
3.)usually is not directly stated
4.)typically implied through arrangement of story elements
Cultural experience
the events, beliefs, and values that shape the culture in which the author lives.

major contribution in oral tradition/themes
universal themes
insights into life that recur throughout world literature
2 examples of universal themes
virtues of courage & dangers of greed
Archetypes
patterns of story elements that recur across cultures and often have strong associations
wise and virtuous ruler
an example of an archetype.
their reign brings a time of peace and prosperity
dreamer/transgressor
an example of an archetype.
a character who imagines new possibilities & defies danger to bring an important gift to society
Hero
an example of an archetype.
character is an unpromising youth who triumphs over stronger forces through cleverness or virtue and blossoms into a great leader
archetypal pattern
made stories easier to remember and retell
Archetypal pattern examples(5 things to list)
1.)a struggle between the protagonist and antagonist
2.)series of tests a character must pass
3.)a quest/task a character must complete
4.)characters, events, or objects that come in 3's
5.)a fair & just end that rewards good or punishes evil
Protagonist
main character
antagonist
person/force that opposes the protagonist(main character)
list 5 narrative forms
1.)myths
2.)folk tales
3.)legends
4.)fairy tales
5.)epics
what do the characteristics of narrative forms all have in common? (2 things)
1.)they DON'T share the individual author's point of view
2.)the DO express shared values
Point of View
attitudes and beliefs about the world; perspective
Values
model behaviors and attitudes
Characteristics of myths (2 things to know)
1.) it explains the actions of gods and their interactions with humans
2.) it may explain the causes of natural phenomena or the origins of cultural traditions
characteristics of folk tales(2 things to know)
1.) Deal with heroic acts, adventures, magic, or romance; often concern the relationship between mortals and gods
2.) the main focus is on human or animal heroes
characteristics of legends (2 things to know)
1.) folk tales about larger-than-life heroes and events from the past
2.) they're based on historical fact, with factual details becoming exaggerated and fictionalized over time
characteristics of fairy tales (2 things to know)
1.) simple folk tales, usually told to entertain small children
2.) include magic or supernatural elements
epic similes
extended, elaborate comparisons of unlike subjects
epic hero
In Epics
important to the history of their cultures
characteristics of epics (5 things to know)
1.) long narrative poems that use elevated language and epic similes.
2.) combine features of myths & legends
3.) describes the adventures of larger-than-life epic heroes
4.) Often tells of the heroes' journeys/quests, on which the heroes are helped or hindered by gods and other supernatural creatures
5.) often begins with the poet's mention of the subject and a plea to a divine being for inspiration and guidance in the telling of the tale
character
the people, animals, or creatures that partake in the action.
setting
the time and place of a story
plot
the sequence of events in a story
diction
word choice