Terms in this set (50)
the second and youngest epoch of the Neogene Period in the Cenozoic Era. From 5.3-2.58 million years ago.
worlds most recent period of repeated glaciations, lasting from about 2.58 until 11,700 years ago
deglaciation leading to Megafauna extinction, sea levels rising, flooding cutting off the Americas etc... and drowning coastlines leaving ancient sites underwater
refers to members of the human lineage after the split with that of chimpanzees
refers to all the Great Apes and their ancestors
using two feet- leaving hands free to allow for better self defense, good for long distance traveling, and gives more control over body. This came before a larger cranium and toolmaking.
"Great Apes of the South", earliest well known hominins, 4mya-2.5mya, 6 known species (afarensis and africanus most common)
site of hominin footprint preserved in volcanic ash, found by Mary Leakey
many sites in Tanzania, 300 sq miles excavated, fossil site for more than 6,000 early hominin individuals
refers to the earliest stone tools used during the Lower Paleolithic period. Consisted of hammerstones and chopper (broken river cobble)
"handyman" earliest member of genus homo, possibly earliest toolmaker
Central Forage Point Theory
central place to share food and sleep, fixed routes, more complex social groups
"upright man" first of our ancestors to leave African, discovered by Eugene Dubois in Java, very different than Neanderthals
in Georgia, oldest known archeological site outside of Africa
located in China, excavated by Davidson Black, fossils show an increase in brain size, evidence of shelters
Saharan Pump Effect
a hypothesis that explains how flora and fauna migrated between Eurasia and Africa via land bridge in the levant region
an extinct species or subspecies of genus Homo that lived in Africa, Europe, and western Asia between 600,000-200,000 years ago.
relating to the Lower Paleolithic culture in Europe, represented by hand ax industries
German city known for their wooden spears,, the oldest wooden human artifacts as well as the oldest weapons ever found
main culture of Middle Paleolithic period in Europe, closely associated with Neanderthals
extinct species of human widely distributed during the ice age, receding forehead and prominent bow ridge
caused major division of late Pleistocene deposits in Alpine Europe
known in Northern Europe as the Weischselian ice age
most recent glacial period of the North American ice sheet complex
most widely supported by evidence, believes that our ancestors evolved in Africa and then dispersed into the world
claims homo sapiens simultaneously evolved at different areas around the world
a method for determining the age of an object containing organic material by using the properties of radiocarbon
a hominid of a tall erect race of the Upper Paleolithic whose remains were found in Southern France and is classified as the same species as present-day humans
relating to the final Paleolithic culture in Europe. It is characterized by the range of bones, horn tools, and highly developed cave art
famous for its Paleolithic cave paintings, found by an 18 year old named Marcel Ravidat
located in south Africa, known for their fishing technology used on fish/mollusks
a tool style that uses a heat treating technique, named after the La Solutre site (solutrean blades)
France>Russia, carved stone, bone, and clay objects. Composed of how women look at their own bodies and pregnant females
relating to or denoting Upper Paleolithic culture in Europe, following the Aurignacian
large habitat and burial site containing 2,300 fragments of clay figurines, gravettian artifacts, and a venus figurine (shaman). Contrasts with Western European cave sites.
"spear throwers" weapon used to spear fish, used by the Aztecs, Inuit, and Chinook people
exposed land before sea level that has no ice, flat plain without trees, and large herds of animas
the use of statistical date to date the divergence of languages from their common sources
located in Chile, preserved wetland/bog that contains artifacts such as: human footprints, wooden huts, plants and animal remains, and non clovis stone tools.
rockshelter located under a sandstone rock overhang, very sparsely populated clovis site
Helped start Solutrean hypothesis, researchers claim it was too early for Beringia. Evidence of Clovis setting, pre Clovis points
Meadow rock shelter, Pennsylvania, no fluted points, retouched flakes, scrapers and basketry.
in New Mexico, 1920-30's. North American including south American and mexico. Bifacial fluting or shafting
in New Mexico, mammoth extinction, bison antiques, and animals drives. Smaller extended flutes.
Cordilleran Ice Sheet
located in Wisconsin glaciation in North America, non synchronized fluctuation
Laurentide Ice Sheet
also located in Wisconsin, had ice free corridors after 15 BP
large mammal found in late Pleistocene such as: mammoth, sloth, saber tooth cats, etc...
first people who inhabited America who were retreating from glaciers in Canada
Bonfire Rockshelter Site
located in Texas and utilized for thousands of years. Bison were driven over 75 foot cliffs using fire.
Head Smashed- In Buffalo Jump
a buffalo jump where Indians historically would kill bison in mass amounts located where the foothills of the rocky mountains begin to rise from the prairie.