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60 terms

Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
The study of the function of the body and body parts is called:
physiology
Which of the following is not a necessary life function:
nutrients
Which of the following elementsof a control stystem detects a change:
receptor
The system that controls and coordinates the body through hormones is the:
endocrine system
In describing the relationship of the thoracic and spinal cavities:
the thoracic cavity is ventral to the spinal cavity
The gluteal region is the:
buttock
Which of the following statements is correct regarding the location of the spleen and stomach:
both of these organs are located in the left upper quadrant
The muscular system consists of the:
skeletal muscles
Which of the following is the correct sequence, going from simplest to most complex, in the levels of stuctural organization of the human body:
chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, organ system level, organismal level
Which of these regions are NOT associated with the ventral(anterior) portion of the head:
occiptal
Which of the following orientationand directional terms have the same meanings (in humans):
anterior and ventral
Which of these regions in the abdominopelvic cavity are medial:
epigastric, umbilical, and hypogastric regions
Which of the following regional terms means the anterior surface of the elbow:
antecubital region
Your body thermostat is located in a part of the brain called the hypothalamus. Which of the following elements of a control system does this area in the brain represent:
control center
The lungs and the heart are in the _____body cavity:
thoracic
Which of these is NOT a survival need:
reproduction
Which of the following orientation terms have opposite meanings (in humans) :
distal and proximal
The region that contains the navel is the:
umbilical region
Which system covers the external surface of the body and manufactures vitamin D:
integumentary system
Which of the following is the correct order of elements in a control system:
stimulus, receptor, afferent pathway, control center, efferent pathway, effector and response
A section that divides the body on the longitudinal plane into equal right and left parts is called:
median (midsagittal)
Postive feedback systems:
operate in such a way that the inital stimulus is enhanced and increases
Which of the following activities does not represent anatomical study:
studying how the nerves conduct electrical impulses
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection:
abdominal
The dorsal body cavity houses the:
spinal cord and the brain
Elimination of metabolic wastes from the body is the function of the:
urinary system
Sarah fell while ice skating and broke a bone in her carpal region. Where is this region?
wrist
Which of these structures is the most complex:
organ system
The ribs are located in the:
right and left hypochondriac regions
The stomach , liver, intestines, bladder, rectum, and reproductive organs are housed in the:
abdominopelvic cavity
Which type of section could be used to separate the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity:
transverse
The lymphatic system:
picks up fluid leaked from blood vessels and returns it to the blood
Which of the following systems matched most accurately to the life function ot provides:
nervous system- responsiveness
The ovary is part of which of the following two systems:
reproductive and endocrine systems
In anatomical position:
The body is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at the sides with palms facing forward
The system that takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide to the exterior is the:
respiratory system
Which of these regions are associated with the parts of the arm:
brachial, antecubital, and carpal
The lymphatic system collects fluids leaked by the cardiovascular system and returns them to the blood stream.
True
The spleen and the tonsils are part of the digestive system.
False
There is no physical structure the separates the abdominal cavity from the pelvic cavity.
True
Excretion is the process of removing wastes from the body.
True
Proximal means farther from the origin of the body part.
False
The dorsal body cavity is subdivided into four quadrants and nine regions.
False
The endocrine systems is the fast-acting body control system.
False
As body temperature drops below normal, chemical reactions proceed too rapidly and body proteins begin to break down
False
The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by the diaphragm
True
The highest level of structural organization in humans is the organ level.
False
The hypogastric region is directly superior to the umbilical region.
False
The heel of the foot constitutes the plantar region.
True
The spinal cavity is part of the ventral body cavity.
False
Most homeostatic control mechanisms are negative feedback reactions.
True
Posterior
rear face of body
Dorsal
behind
Ventral
in front of
Proximal
close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Medial
toward the midline
Lateral
toward the body surface
Superior
above
Inferior
below
Distal
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk