25 terms

Major Skeletal Bones

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Cranium
brain case
skull
composed of cranium and facial bones
hyoid bone
located in the neck between the lower jaw and larynx. it supports the tongue and is an attachment for certain muscles that help move the tongue during swallowing.
vertebral column
(backbone)
sacrum
part of the pelvis; formed by several fused vertebrae
coccyx
attached to the end of the sacrum (tailbone)
ribs
12 pairs, attach posteriorly to the thoracic vertebrae
The bones in the chest that protect the heart and lungs.
sternum
breastbone; where most of the ribs are attached anteriorly
scapula
shoulder bone; forms the pectoral girdle with the clavicle
clavicle
Collarbone
humerus
arm bone;
radius
Bone in forearm "on the thumb side", larger in the proximal forearm.
ulna
Inner and larger bone of the forearm, attached to the wrist and located on the side of the little finger.
carpals
wrist bones; there are 8 of these
metacarpals
5 bones of the palm
phalanges
14 finger bones
coxal
Hip bone
femur
thigh bone
tibia
The shin bone, the larger of the two bones of the lower leg.
fibula
The lateral and smaller bone of the lower leg
patella
Knee cap
tarsals
ankle bones
metatarsals
5 foot bones
phalanges
14 bones of the toes
vertebra
Backbone