100 terms

Humanities

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Picasso, the old guitarist
color expresses emotion
Rousseau, The Sleeping Gypsy
unrealistic, primitive artist(no training)
Art Nouveau
a design style that relies on vegetal & floral patterns, complex designs
Rousseau, The Dream
Klimt, The Kiss
very yellow, woman circles, man rectangle
Gaudi, Casa Mila
curvy walls
Gustave, Eiffel The Eiffel Tower
Fauvism
france, les Fauves (wild beasts), Matisse, large areas of strong simplified colors, slashing brush strokes, rich surface textures, color juxtaposition
Henry Matisse, The Red Room
no difference in table and wall
Henry Matisse, The Gold Fish
Cubism
form more impt than subject, familiar objects, objects broken into various shapes, abandoned perspective, influenced by african art, no more story telling, distortios
Analytic Cubism
abstract; overlapping planes and facets, monochromatic; brown grey and black, attempt to break apart/analyze the subject, attempt to view subject from multiple perspectives at the same time
Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avigon
left to right, yellow and blue
Picasso, Portrait of Kahnweiler
cubes
Picasso, Guernica
inspires futurism,cubism, bombing in Barcelona, monochromatic, multiple perspectives
Braque, The Portuguese
transparent
Braque, Violin and Palette
Synthetic Cubism
collage, putting together, textures and materials, pushing objects together
Picasso, Three Musicians
paint
Picasso, Still Life With Chair Caning
Futurism
Italian, celebrates machines, captures figures in motion, art of cinematography overtakes
Severini, Armored Train in Action
propaganda art, machinery
Balla, Girl Running on the Balcony
movement, 3D on 2D
Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase No.2
making figures move on canvas, cubism
Mondrian
cubist at beginning, dutch, line snd square highlights of color, soft colors & lines, shapes
Mondrian, composition in Red< Blue, and Yellow
common design in fashion
Chagall
Jewish, Russian, French, all mediums, bright colors/light, dreams of humanity- inclusion, floating people, blue, symbols
Chagall, Green Violinist
religious, Jewish, fiddler on the roof, inclusion of all religions
Klee
Swish, expressive use of color collective unconscious, all connected, archetyprs in sgapes and symbols
Klee, Fish Magic
light, symbols, happy, pyramids &triangle = magic
Dada
reaction to WWI, question art, interest in ideas,used everyday objects
Duchamp, Fountain
upside down urinal signed R.Mutt
Duchamp, L.H.O.O.Q.
mona lisa with a mustache
Surrealism- Freud Influences
interpretation of dreams, used dreams to enter unconsciousness, freuds theories as as basis for new aesthetics
Chirico, Metaphysical Painting Melancholy and Mystery of a Street
outside of world, brain
Miro
Catalan, hallucinations, automatism (biomorphic surrealism)
Miro, Harlequin's Carnival and Various Works
oil on canvas, primary colors
Magritte, Man With Newspaper
oil on canvas
Magritte, Son of Man
what is behind the apple
Ernst, Two Children are Threatened by a Nightingale
German, automatism, oil on wood, 3D
Ernst, The Horde
demons, oil on canvas
Ernst, Eye of silence
fortage, snot colored green
Dali, the Persistence of Memory
contrast of hard and soft, incorporated Einsteins theories, how do we perceive time?
Dali, The Temptation of St. Anthony
represents various temptations
Dali, The Metamorphosis or Narcissus
oil on canvas
Theater of the Absurd Picnic on the Battlefield by Arrabal
tragicomedy (think Shakespeare), comedy (cliches, word play) horrific/tragic images, hopeless situations, parody of "well made plays"
playwrights: Fernando Arrabal, Eugene Ionesco, Samuel Becket, Jean Genet, Tom Stoppard
Schopenhauer
Austrian
asked "what is the meaning of life"
Kierkegaard
Norwegian
"leap of faith" everything is cause & effect
Nietzsche
"god is dead" has influence over the Nazi's
Existentialism
free will, freedom to make choices comes with responsibility, responsibility creates anxiety and stress, few decisions are w/out any negative consequences, choices define who you are so you must follow through
Sartre
Declares formula "i think therefore i am", war involvement (soldier, prisoner of war in Germany, active in French resistance)
works- existentialism, human emotions, being and nothingness, no exit
Camus
worked with Sartre but felt he was not existentialist, absurdism- searching for meaning in a world that is meaningless
works- The Myth of Sisyphus, The Stranger, The Plague, The Fail
The Beat Poets
1950's vulgarized style of existentialism filtered thru the mesh of jazz and black and experience, themes of alienation and heightened experience
American writers- Jack Kerouac, Gregory Corso, William S. Burroughs, Allan Ginsberg
Munch, The Scream
can see the figure screaming, nothing else like it, influenced by gaugain
Die Brucke The Bridge
Dresden- city bombed in Germany, most influenced by Fauvism, harsh colors, aggressive brush strokes, distorted forms, ragged outlines
Kirchner, Street: Dresden
leader of movement, influenced by munch, focused on detrimental effects of industrialization
color
Nolde, Saint Mary of Egypt
religious imagery, not quiet and restrained, rigorous brush work, yellow
Nolde, Pentecost
yellow
Der Blaue Reiter (the blue rider)
Munich, Wassily Kandinsky-Founder, expression of spiritual truths, symbolic colors, non figurative- abstract, capture their feelings and illicit an emotional rresponse
Kandinsky, The Blue Rider
blue=spirituality, darker the blue the more connected to the eternal
Kandinsky, Improvisation 28
no clue as to what he is thinking as he paints these
Marc, Blue Horse
died in the war, pessimistic about humanity, blue=male and spiritual, yellow= female and happy and sentual, red= matter and brutal and heavy, colors are for emotions and perceptions
Marc, The Fate of the Animals
lighter brighter colors absent, represents culmination of color exploration when tensions of WWI invaded
modernist lit
writers are trying to do what artists do but with words.
public doesn't understand, artist feels sense of exile, allows for subjectivity, gives writer freedom, are is salvation for writer
Kafka The Metamorphisis
the dude woke up as a cockroach and just accepted it.
Kafka- triple exile (left Prague, Jewish German, weird writing), esoteric- hard to understand, Kafkaesque
Joyce
surrealist, interior monologue/ steam of consciousness, epiphany- realization

wrote: Ulysses and Finnegan's wake
Gertrude Stein
american jew who moved from NY to Paris, cubist, "lost generation", salon (people always coming to her house), center of movement

wrote: picasso
saying: "Rose is a rose is a rose is a rose"
e.e. cummings
impressionistic, shape, avoided capital letters, p.u.n.c.u.a.t.i.o.n
Virginia Woolf
feminist, women have right to have place to work, equal opportunity, economic independence, room of her own
magical realism
realistic narratives and elements of local folklore and myth, surrealism= dream/fantasy and social/political, exaggeration and extortion, reader needs to be flexible

*incorporates both realism and fantasy*
Marquez
1929-present, Colombia, Macondo- fictional version of his hometown on Colombian Caribbean coast, noble prize 1982
Borges
1899-1986, Argentina, surrealism and symbolism, short stories
Isabelle Allende
!942-present, Chile/Venezuela, cousin was Chilean president who was assassinated, experiences of women, lives in California
nature and imagination
explore landscape between physical landscape and cultural identity, nature as metaphor, "Vanguardia" = avant garde
Neruda
1904-1973, Chile, diplomat, communist senator, noble prize 1971
Paz
Mexico, 1914-1998, no fascism, Diplomat, concerned with indigenous peoples and Spanish conquest
Hughes
writer and poet who helped shape american lit and politics

wrote: the negro speaks of river, mother to son, dreams
Mckay
Jamaican writer and poet, literary poet for social justice,

wrote: the tropics in new york, if we must die, baptism, america
Pippin, John Brown Going to His Hanging
flat, anti-slavery john brown

characteristics: huge lips, distorted, center of all
Pippin, The End of the War: Starting Home
1930 oil painting, pippin fought in war, 2D and dark
Douglas, Aspects of Negro Life
Egyptian, shape repetition, hard edges, representing home culture

characteristics: semi-abstract, hard edges, mixed with other art styles
Douglas, Into Bondage
people in chains
Schroder House
inspiration/example for Bauhaus, square and open inside, linear with clean lines, open floor plan where everything can be rearranged
Gropius
founded Bauhaus, architect, FORM FOLLOWS FUNCTION

strong basic design, unity of art, architecture, and design, emphasize knowledge of machine based tech, blurred inside vs outside lines
Bauhaus Dessau
simple shapes, glass
Fagus Factory
flat roof, corners have no support
Albers, Homage to Square
many of the squares put together in one painting, mathematically done, all shapes same sizes butt used color to make them look different
Miles van der Rohe, Barcelona Pavillion
completely open, steel reinforced concrete beams
international design
emphasize volume over mass, rejection of color and decorations, repetitive modular forms, use of flat surfaces alternating with glass

pilotis - pillars of reinforced concrete in a grid, absence of supporting walls - unrestrained internal use - design it how you want free design of facade, horizontal window - cuts facade for entire length, roof gardens, flat roof, domestic usefulness
Le Corbusier, Villa savoye
reinforced concrete, designed to include the car and ts purpose
Le Corbusier, The Radiant City
steel, plate glass and reinforced concrete, stories hanging off of other stories, uneven levels
Wright, Robie House
building materials are from the site, studied and loved nature
Wright, Falling Waters
Ragtime
Origins:
African-American songs and dances
Slavery
Combination of European songs (like French quadrilles and polka) and African melodies and style

Characteristics:
All piano
Upbeat; driving beat
Rhythm - always 2/4 time
Syncopation - accent off the beat; this lifts up the music and drives the melody; catchy
Scott Joplin, Maple Leaf Rag
played in saloons and bars
PIANO
Blues
Origins:
African-American folk music
From slave calls - songs of extreme suffering and pain
Merging of African and European music
American troops bring home after World War I

Form:
Lamentation; mournful
Modal melody has been harmonized with Western tonal chords
"Blues Notes" - bent pitches

The Lyrics
autobiographical
pain of betrayal, desertion, and unrequited love
Early blues followed speech patterns
Generally written in iambic pentameter; repeat of first line
Louis Armstrong, West End Blues
slow and drawn out
TRUMPET
Jazz
Origins:
Certain intonations, rhythmic patterns, and melodic lines from African roots
Traditions of spirituals, Christian hymns song in slave culture and free churches of the South
First appeared in New Orleans around the turn of the century

*other cultures did not openly like jazz*
Ellington, Take the A Train
international fame, cotton club 1920
SAXOPHONE
Gershwin, Porgy and Bess
ranked as classic
SAXOPHONE